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Bowl barrow 700m NNW of Bridge Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 700m NNW of Bridge Farm

List entry Number: 1020846

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cambridgeshire

District: Fenland

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Wimblington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 12-Mar-2003

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 33392

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 700m NNW of Bridge Farm survives as an earthwork and is well preserved despite ploughing and the removal of part of the monument through archaeological excavation. As archaeological science advances, the remaining deposits will provide new information relating to the barrow's construction, the manner and duration of its use, as well as ritual and domestic activity on the site. The investigation in the 1960s has shown that the monument offers good potential for the recovery of artefactual and skeletal material, which provides rare demographic information on the prehistoric population. Buried soils underneath the mound retain information concerning land use in the area prior to the construction of the barrow, preserving, for example, evidence of Neolithic occupation. The monument has additional importance as part of the prehistoric landscape of Stonea Island, where some of the best preserved prehistoric Fenland sites, incuding Stonea Camp hillfort, are found.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated 700m NNW of Bridge Farm and 100m east of the outer ramparts of Stonea Camp Iron Age hillfort. The barrow's mound has been reduced by ploughing but survives as a gravel rise standing up to 0.4m high and measuring 20m east-west by 22m north-south. Surrounding the mound is the encircling ditch, from which earth was dug in the construction of the mound. It has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature. It is visible as a 5m wide soilmark on the ground and as a cropmark (an area of enhanced growth resulting from higher levels of moisture retained by the underlying archaeological features) on aerial photographs.

In 1961-2 the barrow was partly excavated, revealing that the mound had been constructed in three stages and covered the remains of at least two cremation burials. The central interment was that of a woman aged between 30 and 40, whose ashes were deposited in a 0.7m deep pit, to which the burned remains of an amber and jet necklace were added. The second and probably contemporary burial consisted of the ashes of a man between 20 and 25 years old placed in a 0.4m deep pit. His remains were covered with an inverted urn and sealed by a small mound of material from the funerary pyre.

Underneath the Bronze Age layers the remains of a Late Neolithic occupation surface were identified, which had been covered and protected by the barrow's mound. The investigation identified two stake holes and a 3m wide shallow hollow with a trodden surface, containing hundreds of late Neolithic pottery fragments.





MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 10 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: TL 45094 93147

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 05:06:36.

End of official listing