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Cairn 690m south west of White Barrow

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Cairn 690m south west of White Barrow

List entry Number: 1020873

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Peter Tavy

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 12-Mar-2003

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 34448

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the cairn 690m south west of White Barrow survives well and contains archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The cairn was also an important visual landmark for travellers using the nearby ancient route known as the Lichway.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a cairn situated in a prominent position on Cocks Hill overlooking the valley of the River Tavy. The cairn survives as a stony mound measuring 15m in diameter and standing up to 0.8m high. Two separate hollows which are the result of robbing or partial early excavation lead into the mound from the south west and north west. On the northern side of the cairn the monument is denoted by a 1.4m wide and 0.3m high bank with some edge set stones which represent the site of a kerb; this survives elsewhere as a buried feature. A 2m by 2m irregularly shaped mound adjacent to the western side of the cairn represents the site of a dump created during earlier investigations. A 1.8m long by 1m wide and 0.25m deep hollow on the north western edge of the cairn represents a shell hole from military training in this area during the 20th century.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57NE32, (1981)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (2002)

National Grid Reference: SX 56182 79126

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020873 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 11:16:53.

End of official listing