Four round barrows 320m east of High Pastures

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1021096

Date first listed: 08-Sep-2003

Map

Ordnance survey map of Four round barrows 320m east of High Pastures
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Lockton

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 86984 91156

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The four round barrows 320m east of High Pastures have survived in a good state of preservation. Unlike many barrows in this area, the two northern barrows do not appear to have been excavated in the past. They will therefore have undisturbed archaeological deposits in the centre relating to the primary burials, which are less likely to survive in part-excavated examples. Despite limited disturbance, the two southern barrows have also survived well and evidence for their date, original form and for the burials placed within them will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use will survive beneath all the barrow mounds. The close spatial association between the barrows will provide important insight into the development of ritual and funerary practice during the Bronze Age. The barrow lies in an area where there are many other prehistoric monuments, including further burials as well as the remains of prehistoric land division. The association with similar monuments is important for the study of the distribution of ritual and funerary activity across the landscape during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes four round barrows situated towards the northern edge of the Tabular Hills, close to the head of Egg Griff. The barrows are in a prominent ridge-top position which overlooks Dovedale Griff to the east and the natural rock formations of the Bride Stones beyond. The barrows have earth and stone mounds which stand between 0.4m and 0.6m high. The first barrow mound measures 7m in diameter. The second barrow mound lies 25m to the east and measures 3m in diameter. The third barrow mound lies 40m to the south east of the first and measures 5m in diameter. The fourth barrow mound lies 30m to the south of the first. It is more irregular than the other three and is 2m wide.





MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 35450

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)
Other
Title: Ordnance Survey 2nd Edition 25" sheet 76/6 Source Date: 1912 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing