Long barrow and bowl barrow 440m north west of Sanctuary Farm


Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
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Ordnance survey map of Long barrow and bowl barrow 440m north west of Sanctuary Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Winchester (District Authority)
National Grid Reference:
SU 47047 36722

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. The long barrow and bowl barrow 470m north west of Sanctuary Farm are well preserved, despite some damage due to cultivation and partial excavations on the long barrow. The standing and buried deposits will contain a wealth of archaeological evidence relating to the barrows' construction, the manner and duration of their use, and the landscape in which they were set. As the site contains Neolithic, Bronze Age and later prehistoric remains, these deposits will provide information on the development of the site over a considerable timespan, while the combination of the barrows and the later prehistoric field boundary provides an insight into the prehistoric spatial organisation of the area.


The monument includes the earthwork and below ground remains of a long barrow and a bowl barrow, situated 470m north west of Sanctuary Farm. The barrows lie on the false crest of a west facing slope and form part of an extensive pattern of burial mounds scattered across the Hampshire chalkland. Some 700m to the south east of the monument are two more long barrows, which are the subject of separate schedulings. The long barrow's mound is orientated SSE-NNW and is rectangular in plan, measuring 52m long and 13m wide. The mound stands to a maximum height of 0.4m. Flanking quarry ditches run parallel to the east and west sides of the mound. These are visible on the ground as areas of darker earth with a width of approximately 6m. The barrow is said to have been investigated by the men of HMS Ariel during the war of 1939-45 and its south eastern tip was investigated by the Winchester Archaeology Office in 1986. The latter explorations revealed that the ditches were 1.8m deep, the mound had probably been revetted and contained a secondary cremation burial of the Romano-British period. About 50m to the north west is a bowl barrow, whose mound stands up to 0.3m high with a 21m diameter. Its encircling ditch, from which earth was dug in the construction of the mound, has become infilled over the years but can be seen as a dark soilmark on the ground, or more clearly as a cropmark (an area of enhanced growth resulting from higher levels of moisture retained by the underlying archaeological feature) on aerial photographs. It measures approximately 4m wide. Aerial photographs also show that the round barrow was incorporated into a later prehistoric field system, and acts as a boundary marker at the top corner of two fields. The north western tip of the long barrow was cut by the same field system, suggesting that the long barrow's mound had been reduced significantly by the time of the field boundaries' construction.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 10 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

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This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

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