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Round barrow adjacent to the Whinstone Ridge on Goathland Moor, 600m SSW of Breckon Howe

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round barrow adjacent to the Whinstone Ridge on Goathland Moor, 600m SSW of Breckon Howe

List entry Number: 1021299

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Goathland

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 15-Apr-2004

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 35908

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the round barrow adjacent to the Whinstone Ridge on Goathland Moor, 600m SSW of Breckon Howe has survived well. Significant information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath the mound.

Together with other burial monuments in the area this barrow is thought to represent a territorial marker. Similar monument groups are known across the west and central areas of the North York Moors and provide valuable insight into burial practice and land division for social and ritual purposes.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow which occupies an area of level ground in a prominent ridge-top position on the North York Moors. It is situated on the northern edge of a line of whinstone quarries along the Cleveland Dyke. The barrow has a sub-circular mound constructed from earth and stone, which measures up to 13m in diameter and stands up to 1.2m high. Partial excavation in the past has left a hollow in the centre of the mound. Between the years of 1952 and 1962 this hollow was occupied by Lilla Cross, when it was temporarily removed from its original location. An unsurfaced track marking a former route of the Beck Hole Road passes to the immediate north of the barrow mound. The barrow is one of a number in this area which lie on a major watershed towards the eastern side of the North York Moors. It is surrounded in the wider area by many other prehistoric monuments, particularly burials, which are often located in prominent and highly visible locations in the landscape.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Hayes, R H, Old Roads and Pannierways in North East Yorkshire, (1988)

National Grid Reference: NZ 85160 02848

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1021299 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 09:02:44.

End of official listing