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Bowl barrow 430m north east of Prior's Fen Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 430m north east of Prior's Fen Farm

List entry Number: 1021310

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: City of Peterborough

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Thorney

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Nov-2004

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 33390

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 430m north east of Prior's Fen Farm is well preserved, having been protected by overlying deposits of peat and clay and will contain a wealth of information relating to the barrow's construction, the manner and duration of its use, as well as ritual and domestic activity on the site. Buried soils underneath the mound will retain valuable archaeological evidence concerning landuse in the area prior to the construction of the barrow, while organic deposits preserved in the ditch will shed light on environmental conditions (eg climate, flora and fauna) since the construction of the barrow. The monument is part of a diffuse barrow landscape at Eye and Thorney.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated 430m north east of Prior's Fen Farm. The barrow has been covered and protected by later deposits of marine clay and peat, from which the mound emerges. It is visible as a slight gravel rise of approximately 0.1m high and 20m in diameter. The deeper lying remains of the barrow are preserved underneath the Fen deposits and include an encircling ditch from which earth was dug in the construction of the mound. Although the ditch has become infilled over the years, it survives as a buried feature and is visible on aerial photographs as a cropmark (an area of enhanced growth resulting from higher levels of moisture retained by the underlying archaeological features). It is thought to measure 4m wide by comparison with examples excavated elsewhere in the region. The barrow is situated on the edge of a gravel peninsula along the prehistoric Fen edge, a location that, with its mixture of wetter and drier grounds and easy access along the waterways, attracted prehistoric activity. The monument is part of a diffuse barrow landscape at Eye and Thorney, other elements of which are subject to separate schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: TF 26036 00069

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1021310 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 08:40:01.

End of official listing