Bowl barrow 430m north east of Prior's Fen Farm

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1021310
Date first listed:
26-Nov-2004

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 430m north east of Prior's Fen Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
City of Peterborough (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Thorney
National Grid Reference:
TF 26036 00069

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 430m north east of Prior's Fen Farm is well preserved, having been protected by overlying deposits of peat and clay and will contain a wealth of information relating to the barrow's construction, the manner and duration of its use, as well as ritual and domestic activity on the site. Buried soils underneath the mound will retain valuable archaeological evidence concerning landuse in the area prior to the construction of the barrow, while organic deposits preserved in the ditch will shed light on environmental conditions (eg climate, flora and fauna) since the construction of the barrow. The monument is part of a diffuse barrow landscape at Eye and Thorney.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated 430m north east of Prior's Fen Farm. The barrow has been covered and protected by later deposits of marine clay and peat, from which the mound emerges. It is visible as a slight gravel rise of approximately 0.1m high and 20m in diameter. The deeper lying remains of the barrow are preserved underneath the Fen deposits and include an encircling ditch from which earth was dug in the construction of the mound. Although the ditch has become infilled over the years, it survives as a buried feature and is visible on aerial photographs as a cropmark (an area of enhanced growth resulting from higher levels of moisture retained by the underlying archaeological features). It is thought to measure 4m wide by comparison with examples excavated elsewhere in the region. The barrow is situated on the edge of a gravel peninsula along the prehistoric Fen edge, a location that, with its mixture of wetter and drier grounds and easy access along the waterways, attracted prehistoric activity. The monument is part of a diffuse barrow landscape at Eye and Thorney, other elements of which are subject to separate schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
33390
Legacy System:
RSM

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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