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Long barrow, 575m north-west of Lypiatt Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Long barrow, 575m north-west of Lypiatt Farm

List entry Number: 1021464

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Stroud

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Miserden

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Feb-2011

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 30972

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

Despite reduction in its height through cultivation, the long barrow 575m north-west of Lypiatt Farm survives well and will contribute to our understanding of the social organisation and burial practices of the county's Neolithic population. It is likely that the remains of the mound will protect archaeological and environmental evidence including a buried land surface, which will provide information about the landscape prior to the construction of the barrow. In addition the ditch will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a Neolithic long barrow situated 575m north-west of Lypiatt Farm on a broad level hilltop to the west of the village of Miserden. The barrow includes a mound orientated north-east to south-west and is approximately 104m long. The mound measures up to 20m wide, tapering at its south-western end and, although reduced by ploughing, it survives up to 1m high in places. The soil on the mound is stonier than the rest of the field. The barrow is also clearly visible from the air as a crop mark (an area of enhanced crop growth resulting from higher levels of moisture retained by the underlying archaeological features), and has been recorded on aerial photographs. The flanking quarry ditch, from which material was excavated during the construction of the barrow, is no longer visible at ground level, having become infilled over the years, but will survive as a buried feature. The aerial photographs show an area of disturbance towards the northern end of the barrow which appears to be circular in form, although its origins are not known. It may relate to antiquarian excavation since sources suggest that this barrow is the one recorded by Dr Bird in 1880 which contained a cist.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. 79, (1960), 69-96
Other
NMR National Mapping Programme, HOB UID 117204, (2010)

National Grid Reference: SO 93000 08905

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1021464 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 12:21:05.

End of official listing