Survey of an Anglo-Saxon Royal Site at Rendlesham
Historic England has funded reporting on an internationally important elite Anglo-Saxon site at Rendlesham, Suffolk.
The survey results show continuous human occupation and activity at Rendlesham from late prehistory up to the present day, with a particularly large, rich and important settlement here during the early–middle Anglo-Saxon period (5th to 8th centuries AD). The Anglo-Saxon finds cover an area of 50 hectares. They include items of the finest quality, made for and used by the highest ranks of society, and attest a range of activities including fine metalworking and international trade.
This is the largest and richest settlement of its time known in England, and is almost certainly the site of the East Anglian royal settlement mentioned by Bede. Rendlesham can be identified as a royal estate centre, a place where the East Anglian kings would have stayed, feasted their followers, administered justice, and collected dues and tribute. There are other sites in the region that would also have served as temporary royal residences as the court travelled around the kingdom, but at present Rendlesham appears to have been the largest and the longest-lived of these places.
Historic England commissioned Suffolk County Council Archaeology Service, with Consulting Archaeologist Professor Christopher Scull to write an assessment report for the Rendlesham surveys and a methodological review of the techniques used there.