Derbyshire and Peak District ALSF National Mapping Programme
The survey aimed to produce results to assist and improve the management of pressures on the historic environment caused by past, present and future aggregate extraction in the area.
Archaeology and aggregates
Derbyshire, including the Peak District National Park, is the most heavily quarried area of the British Isles. This is due to its rich mineral resources including sand and gravel, Carboniferous Limestone, Millstone Grit and sandstone. In the past the area also saw intense extraction of lead and fluorspars.
The survey produced varying results, spread over a number of differing landscapes within the county. A total of 77% of the records added to the National Monuments record (NMR), now the National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE), were new sites. The mapped features ranged from the Neolithic period to 20th century military activity.
In the valleys of the Rivers Trent and Dove, extremely complex multi-phased cropmarks were mapped. These show activity from different eras, including the Potlock and Aston Neolithic cursus and potential Iron Age and Roman settlements.
A hillfort examined
Situated in the heart of the Peak District is Finn Cop Hillfort, overlooking Monsal Dale. Examination of the site through aerial photographs aided the recording of post medieval quarrying and damage to the fort. It also added considerably to the record of the monument itself, revealing the previously unknown western rampart.
Subsequent projects conducted by Archaeological Research Services Ltd, along with the Longstone Local History Group, were funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund.
These produced a detailed field survey and gave the opportunity for excavation of the site. The results have been very rewarding. More details of the post-NMP activities can be found here.
The images used on this page are copyright Historic England unless specified otherwise. For further details of any photographs or other images and for copies of these, or the plans and reports related to the project please contact the Historic England Archive.
For further information on a project or any other aspect of the work of the Remote Sensing team please contact us via email using the link above.
Historic Places Investigation
Also of interest...
We identify archaeological sites and landscapes using aerial photography, lidar, geophysics, earthwork analysis and excavation.
Historic England experts use airborne remote sensing methods to identify, record and monitor the condition of heritage assets
The aerial survey of parts of Derbyshire, Leicestershire and Staffordshire was an NMP project undertaken prior to creation of the National Forest.
The aerial survey of Nottinghamshire was an NMP project undertaken to enhance the archaeological record in advance of development.