Bowes Roman Fort, County Durham: Examination of Ironworking Debris

Author(s): Neil Hall

Published no date

An assemblage of ironworking debris from Bowes Roman fort was visually examined and compared to other slag assemblages from both military and civilian sites. This showed that the metalworking process occurring on site was iron smithing as there was a complete lack of smelting evidence. The XRF analysis showed that coal was the main fuel used. From the spatial distribution of the slag the focus of smithing activity was within the fort. The chronological distribution showed that smithing was occurring on site from the first through to the fourth century AD, with a peak of activity in the third century.

Report Number:
Research Department Reports
Metal Working-Fe Roman Technology


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