TREE-RING ANALYSIS OF TIMBERS FROM STONEHOUSE, HIGH STREET, STANHOPE, COUNTY DURHAM

Author(s): Robert Howard, R R Laxton, Cliff Litton

Twenty-two samples from the roof, an upper floor-frame, ceiling beams, and a window lintel in this building were analysed by tree-ring dating. This analysis produced three site chronologies. The first site chronology is made up of eight samples from timbers in the roof, second-floor frame, and ground-floor ceiling. This has 138 rings spanning the period AD 1396 - AD 1533. The second site chronology consists of nine samples from the timbers of the roof and upper floor-frame only. This second chronology has 118 rings spanning the period AD 1416 - AD 1533. Tree-ring analysis and interpretation of the sapwood on the seventeen samples in these two site chronologies suggests that all the timbers represented were cut as a single felling in AD 1533 but that the trees used came from two different sources. The structural interpretation of the building would suggest that the roof of the house was later re-set at a lower pitch reusing much of this original material, but with the possibility that a small amount of later timber was also used. A third site chronology is made up of three samples, again from the roof and floor-frame. It has 116 rings but it could not be dated. The single sample from the window lintel, of length 75 rings, also remains undated.

Report Number:
60/2002
Series:
CfA Reports
Pages:
21
Keywords:
Dendrochronology Standing Building

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