First World War: Wartime Industries
In addition to the traditional weapons of war new innovations in warfare spurred on the development and manufacture of new technologies, such as airships, aeroplanes, and wireless communications. On land there was greater demand for mechanised road transport and narrow gauge railway equipment. Virtually, every major town in the country had its own engineering works, many providing the local farming community with steam traction engines and associated machinery. This wealth of practical engineering expertise was able to quickly respond to the new demands of trench warfare. Willfred Stokes, formerly of Ransome and Napier, Ipswich developed a new type of mortar. In Banbury, Sammuelson & Co Ltd, were able to perfect a mustard gas filling machine for the local munitions works.
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