The Urban and Suburban Public House, 1918-1939
Around 3,000 pubs were built during the inter-war years. Very few survive today and a recent study found that inter-war pubs are under greater threat of disappearing than pubs of any other date.
One of the pubs earmarked for possible listing through this project is a case in point. The Carlton Tavern, Maida Vale, London, was recently demolished without warning.
To expand their appeal beyond their usual male clientele, breweries at this time began creating pubs with restaurants, gardens and community meeting spaces. These buildings are important social spaces which have stood at the hearts of communities for decades.
Listing offers them protection. It also acknowledges that they are an essential part of our common identity and help to tell our country’s story.
What inter-war pubs did we look at?
After extensive research we assessed a total of 28, resulting in the addition of 19 urban and suburban inter-war pubs to the National Heritage List for England (NHLE).
In addition to the 19 that have been listed, The Black Horse, Northfield, Birmingham has been upgraded from Grade II to Grade II*. This pub was originally listed at Grade II in 1981. The new Grade II* listing more accurately reflects its now better understood architectural interest. The pub’s bowling pavilion, pergolas and walls have been listed under a separate listing at Grade II.
Heritage Minister, Tracey Crouch said: "These inter-war pubs are more than a slice of living history, they play an intrinsic role in English culture and our local communities. I'm delighted that these pubs and their fascinating history have been protected for generations to enjoy for years to come."
What inter-war pubs are now listed?
- The Royal Oak, Bethnal Green, London
- The Golden Heart, 110 Commercial Street, Spitalfields, London
- The Palm Tree, 127 Grove Road, Mile End, London
- The Stag’s Head, 55 Orsman Road, Hoxton, London
- The Rose and Crown, 199 Stoke Newington Church Street, Stoke Newington, London
- The Bedford Hotel, 77 Bedford Hill, Balham, London
- The Queen’s Head, Cranford, Hounslow, London
- The Station (former Stonleigh Hotel), Ewell, Surrey
- The Army and Navy, Stoke Newington, London
- The Duke of Edinburgh, 204 Ferndale Road, Brixton, London
- The Daylight Inn, Petts Wood, Orpington
- The Angel, 697 Uxbridge Road, Hayes
- The White Hart, Grays, Essex
- The Gatehouse, Norwich, Norfolk
- The Duke William, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire
- The Biggin Hall Hotel, Coventry, Warwickshire
- The Brookhill Tavern, Alum Rock, Birmingham
- The Wheatsheaf, Sutton Leach, St Helens
- The Berkeley Hotel , Scunthorpe, North Lincolnshire
Emily Gee, Head of Listing Advice at Historic England said: “This national project, the first of its kind, has surveyed the increasingly threatened and much loved inter-war public house, allowing us to identify, understand and protect the most special examples. And what better way to champion the best of our locals than by raising a pint glass to these architectural beacons of English community life now celebrated on the National Heritage List.”
What inter-war pubs were not listed?
- The Coach and Horses Inn, Carlisle
- The Carlton Tavern, Maida Vale, London
- The Green Man, Kingsbury
- The Farmers Arm’s, Liverpool
- The Primrose Inn, Liscard, Wirral
- The White Swan Hotel, Swinton, Salford
- The Peartree, Welwyn Garden City
- The Court Oak, Birmingham
Rare, overlooked buildings are protected and celebrated through listing following extensive research
A Westminster Council Committee has agreed that an enforcement notice will be served requiring the Carlton Tavern in Maida Vale, London, to be rebuilt in facsimile.