An ornate dining room within a large and imposing Victorian Public House.

Grade I listed Philharmonic Dining Rooms, 36 Hope St, Liverpool, Merseyside. Former gentlemen's club, main dining room overlooking Hope St to east. © Historic England Archive, photographer credit Alan Bull, image reference DP234379
Grade I listed Philharmonic Dining Rooms, 36 Hope St, Liverpool, Merseyside. Former gentlemen's club, main dining room overlooking Hope St to east. © Historic England Archive, photographer credit Alan Bull, image reference DP234379

Liverpool Philharmonic Pub Becomes Grade I Listed

11 pubs have received listings updates and upgrades as part of a listing project to protect rare historic interiors.

  • Liverpool’s Philharmonic pub has been upgraded to Grade I, making it the first purpose-built Victorian pub in England to be given the highest level of designation for a historic building
  • A further two Grade II* and eight Grade II pubs across England have had their listings updated to include further information about their interiors. This includes four of only eight pubs in the UK known to have no bar counter
  • Historic England’s work to protect historic pub interiors is in collaboration with the Campaign for Real Ale (CAMRA) Pub Heritage Group

Explore a map of the listed pubs

The Philharmonic Dining Rooms, Liverpool, has been upgraded to Grade I by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport on the advice of Historic England, making it the first purpose-built, Victorian public house to receive a Grade I listing.

Regarded as a ‘cathedral among pubs’ for its opulence, the Philharmonic was one of the most spectacular pubs to be completed at the end of the 19th century, known as the ‘golden age’ of pub building. It now joins the top 2.5% of protected historic buildings in England such as Buckingham Palace, Chatsworth House and Liverpool’s Anglican Cathedral Church of Christ in gaining the highest listed status.

In addition, two Grade II* and eight Grade II listed pubs have had their listings updated following recent inspections to include further information about their important historic interiors, adding new information and interior descriptions.

The list of pubs was proposed by the Campaign for Real Ale (CAMRA) Pub Heritage Group, part of an on-going collaboration between Historic England and CAMRA to protect historic pubs and their interiors.

English pubs are some of our best-loved community buildings and are often threatened with closure so we are delighted to see 11 historic pubs receiving further protection. We are proud that the Liverpool Philharmonic pub, a remarkable survival from the Victorian era, has been given a Grade I listing which will help maintain and preserve its outstanding interior fittings and exterior fabric for the future. The 11 pubs range from the opulent Philharmonic in Liverpool and the picturesque Rose and Crown in Somerset, to a London pub with links to Bartholomew Fair. All of them fully deserve the protection given by listing

Duncan Wilson, Chief Executive, Historic England

So few of England's 40,500 pubs retain interiors which have not suffered major alterations over the years. CAMRA has identified 280 pubs whose interiors it considers to be of national historic importance, and we feel it is vital for these precious survivors to be preserved for future generations to enjoy. The majority of these pubs are listed and the new detailed listing descriptions will enhance their protected status and give the public more information about the delights they contain.

Paul Ainsworth, Chairman of CAMRA’s Pub Heritage Group.

For centuries, the local pub has been a place for people to come together. The 11 protected today are each original and important in their own way, and their updated listings will help to protect their cultural and historical heritage for years to come.

Helen Whately, Heritage Minister
The exterior of an elaborate three to four story Victorian public house.
An exterior view of the Grade I listed Philharmonic Dining Rooms, Hope Street, Liverpool. © Historic England Archive, photographer credit Alan Bull, image reference DP234396.

The Philharmonic Dining Rooms Hope Street Liverpool Grade I Listed

The Philharmonic Dining Rooms is a public house built from 1898-1900 by the Liverpudlian architect Walter W Thomas. Built in an exuberant free style, this iconic building is a striking example of Victorian architecture in the city centre, which was first Grade II* listed in 1966.

The three storey building has been reassessed and upgraded to Grade I for its outstanding architectural quality and magnificent interior.

The exterior features elaborate carvings, Art Nouveau elements including metal gates by the architect and designer Henry Bloomfield Bare, and stone sculptures of musicians and musical instruments in low relief.

Ornate Art Noveau style ironwork foyer gates at a public house.
The gates outside the Grade I listed Philharmonic Dining Rooms, Liverpool. These decorative entrance gates are widely considered to be the finest Art Nouveau metalwork in England. © Michael Slaughter LRPS.

The interior includes rich work in copper, mahogany, plaster and glass. Unusually, the gentlemen's toilet also survives from its original Victorian design and features high quality decoration.

Nationwide Listing Updates

Two Grade II* and eight Grade II listed pubs from across the country have had their listings updated to include further information about their historic interiors.

Liverpool

Joining the Philharmonic, two further Liverpool pubs have been reassessed, with their Grade II* and Grade II listings updated to include their important interiors. Walter W Thomas also designed Grade II* listed The Vines (Lime Street).

Built in 1907, The Vines’ upmarket, Edwardian interior is opulent and decorative, featuring rich, original mahogany woodwork and plasterwork, and a large stained-glass dome in the former billiards room. The separate lounge bar, public bar and smoke room survive well, as do a number of striking fireplaces.

View of an ornate bar area in a public house with wood panelling and stuccoed ceiling.
The interior of main bar in the Grade II* listed The Vines public house, Liverpool. © Michael Slaughter LRPS.

Peter Kavanagh’s (Egerton Street) – an eccentric and much-loved Grade II listed pub that was re-designed by its landlord and inventor of the same name, includes various unique features including carved ‘corbels’ (wall brackets) thought to be caricatures of the pub's regulars, and original tables designed by Kavanagh, with channels for spilt drinks and in-built ash trays.

Interior detail of a public house with curved seating below a painted panel, opposite a panelled wooden fire surround.
Interior of Grade II listed Peter Kavanagh's public house with a view of the rear room. © Michael Slaughter LRPS.

West Sussex

Originally listed as 18th century or earlier, the revised entry for the Grade II listed Blue Ship (The Haven, Billingshurst) shows that it was originally a 16th century cottage that was converted into a pub in the 1850s, and subsequently remodelled and expanded later in the century.

It serves as a good example of how modest vernacular buildings were converted into licensed public houses following the 1830 Beer Act. The Blue Ship is one of only eight pubs in the UK known to have no bar counter. The updated listing now refers to the pub’s rare, still-surviving tap room ‘servery’ arrangement from the 1850s.

An interior view of the public bar in a public house, showing wooden panelled walls, benches, ceiling beams and fireplace.
The public bar of the Grade II listed Blue Ship public house, The Haven, West Sussex. © Michael Slaughter LRPS.

London

Two important London pubs from the Victorian era have had their listings updated to include information about their interiors. The Grade II listed, mid-19th century Hand and Shears (Middle Street, Smithfield) retains its public, saloon and private bars, and has a range of intact late 19th century fittings.

The pub also has important historic links; to Bartholomew Fair, one of England’s most important medieval fairs, and its “Pye Poudre Court” - a court of medieval original convened at the pub to keep order and settle merchants’ disputes.

View of the bar of a public house.
Interior of Grade II listed The Hand and Shears public house, Smithfield, London.

The Grade II listed Coach and Horses (Greek Street, Soho) is famously associated with a regular cast of prominent writers, artists, musicians and actors, including Francis Bacon, Lucien Freud, Peter O’Toole and John Hurt, and as a meeting place for The Spectator and Private Eye magazines.

The pub’s famously debauched atmosphere was captured in Keith Waterhouse’s 1989 play ‘Jeffrey Bernard is Unwell’, in which its interior was faithfully recreated for the stage of the nearby Apollo Theatre.

The pub’s listing now includes reference to this recent history, as well as to its historic origins as an early 18th century pub of the same name. The present building dates from the 1840s but had its unusual cast-iron columns added in 1889. The interior was remodelled in the 1930s by Taylor, Walker & Co and this survives remarkably well, with bar fittings, signage and the partition screens all retained.

Interior of a historic London public house with bar counter.
The interior of the Grade II listed The Coach and Horses, Soho, London. © Michael Slaughter LRPS.

Somerset, Dorset and Wiltshire

A historic pub sitting in the centre of Salisbury, Wiltshire, the Grade II* listed Haunch of Venison is a well-preserved building dating from the 15th century, though there is evidence of a pub of the same name at the site since the 1300s.

The building retains clear evidence of its evolution from a church house in the 1400s into a public house, and it was refurbished in around 1909. It has its traditional layout of divided drinking spaces, with a small ladies snug, and still contains fittings from its 1909 refurbishment including a rare and elaborate bank of spirit pumps.

A view of a public bar area in a historic public house; features include wood wall panelling, a fireplace and section of exposed timber frame  with herringbone tile infilling.
A view of the public bar at the Grade II* listed Haunch of Venison public house, Salisbury, Wiltshire. © Michael Slaughter LRPS.

Grade II listed Square and Compass (Worth Matravers, Dorset) is an 18th century pub with 19th century extensions. The layout and arrangements, without a bar counter, and with serving hatches from the rear ‘servery’, is now a rare survival, and adds to the building’s claims to special interest.

View of the tap room of a public house featuring wooden benches along the walls and a large fireplace.
The tap room at the Grade II listed Square and Compass, Worth Matravers, Dorset. © Michael Slaughter LRPS.

Two Somerset pubs have had their listings updated to reflect their important interiors. The distinctive and picturesque Grade II listed Rose and Crown (Huish Episcopi) dates from around 1800.

Without a bar counter, it instead has a ‘servery’ area customers can walk into containing shelves and hand pumps. This pub was also refitted in the interwar period and retains various features from that time.

Earlier fabric survives too, including flag-stone floors, timber joinery and the fireplace. Attached to the rear is a 19th century skittle alley – a relatively common feature in Somerset, though rare nationally.

A man pouring a drink at a pump in the servery of a historic pub.
The Interior of the Grade II listed Rose and Crown, Huish Episcopi, Somerset. © Geoff Brandwood

Grade II listed Tucker’s Grave Inn (Radstock) is a pub thought to be named after the burial site of local farm worker Edward Tucker, who in 1747 is reputed to have taken his life and, according to contemporary practise, was buried at a crossroads nearby.

Originally an 18th century cottage, it was licensed as a pub by the early 1800s. It has no bar counter, the casks of beer and cider being stacked below the window of the central public bar. It also has hand-painted signage to the tap room. Thought to date from the 19th century, it may be among the earliest known to survive nationally.

Detail of a servery in a pub with barrels, mugs, optics and shelves of bottles.
Interior detail of servery at the Grade II listed Tucker’s Grave Inn, Somerset. © Michael Slaughter LPRS.

Staffordshire

The Red Lion (Rugeley, Staffordshire) is Grade II listed 19th century pub that originated as a house in the early 1600s. It is an early building within central Rugeley and is one of the last surviving 17th century buildings on what once was a busy commercial street. The pub retains substantial fabric from its origins and from the different stages of its development. It also retains an unusual salt safe and elements of an inter-war pub interior, including panelling and fireplaces.

The interior of a public house including a fireplace.
The front room at the Grade II listed Red Lion, Rugeley, Staffordshire. © Michael Slaughter LRPS.

Explore a map of the pub listings

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