Sandhurst War Memorial
List Entry Summary
This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.
Name: Sandhurst War Memorial
List entry Number: 1336752
The Green, Sandhurst
The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Tunbridge Wells
District Type: District Authority
National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.
Date first listed: 05-Jul-1993
Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.
Legacy System Information
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System: LBS
This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.
List entry Description
Summary of Building
First World War memorial, 1923, by Sir Edwin Lutyens with later additions for the Second World War.
Reasons for Designation
Sandhurst War Memorial is listed at Grade II for the following principle reasons: * Historic interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impacts of world events on this community, and the sacrifices it made in the conflicts of the C20; * Architect: by the nationally renowned architect Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens (1869-1944), who designed extant 58 memorials at home and abroad including the Cenotaph in Whitehall; * Design: a simple yet elegant cross, exceptionally with kerbing extending outwards to form a cross pattern, with benches and a flower bed at the ends of the cross arms; * Group value: with nearby listed buildings, notably the Grade II-listed Clocktower Monument.
Sandhurst’s War Memorial Committee, chaired by Herbert Alexander, chose a site on Goddards Green in the heart of the village. It would seem the commission for Lutyens arose through his close personal friendship with James Wilson, a local resident. The memorial was dedicated in August 1923 by Viscount Goschen.
The addition of ‘S’ to the final line of the dedication on the memorial (IN THE GREAT WARS) shows the many and various ways in which people sought to modify memorials to include the fallen of the Second World War.
Sir Edwin Lutyens OM RA (1869-1944) was the leading English architect of his generation. Before the First World War his reputation rested on his country houses and his work at New Delhi, but during and after the war he became the pre-eminent architect for war memorials in England, France and the British Empire. While the Cenotaph in Whitehall (London) had the most influence on other war memorials, the Thiepval Arch was the most influential on other forms of architecture. He designed the Stone of Remembrance which was placed in all Imperial War Graves Commission cemeteries and in some cemeteries in England, including some with which he was not otherwise associated.
The memorial stands on the northern part of The Green alongside the main road through the village, with the Grade II-listed Clocktower Monument of 1889 rising behind it on the memorial’s main axis and contributing to perhaps the most elaborate setting of all of Lutyens’ memorial crosses. The memorial comprises a Portland stone War Cross, the shaft lozenge sectioned with a sword and wreath in relief. The shaft tapers into a three-stage rectangular plinth. That carries the inscription: (top section) TO THE BRAVE MEN/ OF/ SANDHURST/ WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES/ IN THE GREAT WARS; (middle section) 1939-1945 (NAMES); (bottom section) 1914-1919 (NAMES). There is a small, shallow, two-stage square base.
From the memorial pairs of parallel strips of Portland stone run outwards, forming a cross in the grass surround. Low, broad, stone benches form the termination of three of the arms, while a small circular flower bed, again edged with Portland stone, lies at the foot of the shaft of the cross arrangement.
This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 26/10/2015
This List entry has been amended to add sources for War Memorials Online and the War Memorials Register. These sources were not used in the compilation of this List entry but are added here as a guide for further reading, 1 December 2016.
Books and journals
Skelton, T, Gliddon, G, Lutyens and the Great War, (2008), 84, 176
War Memorials Online, accessed 01/12/2016 from https://www.warmemorialsonline.org.uk/memorial/107506
War Memorials Register, accessed 01/12/2016 from http://www.iwm.org.uk/memorials/item/memorial/16413
National Grid Reference: TQ 79841 28399
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End of official listing