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War memorial at St Michael and All Angels Church, Berkhamsted

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: War memorial at St Michael and All Angels Church, Berkhamsted

List entry Number: 1437020

Location

Churchyard of Sunnyside Church (St Michael and All Angels), Ivy House Lane, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, HP4 2PP

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hertfordshire

District: Dacorum

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Berkhamsted

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II

Date first listed: 01-Nov-2016

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

First World War memorial with later additions for the Second World War. Erected circa 1920, with the names of the fallen of the Second World War added after 1945.

Reasons for Designation

The war memorial at St Michael and All Angels (Sunnyside) Church, Berkhamsted, of circa 1920, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons: * Historic interest: as a war memorial that has strong cultural and historic significance within both a local and national context; * Commemorative: it forms a poignant reminder of the tragic impact of world events on the local community, and the sacrifice it made during the First and Second World Wars; * Design: an elegant budded cross set upon a tapering shaft, moulded plinth and stepped base; * Group value: with the Grade II-listed St Michael and All Angels (Sunnyside) Church.

History

The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead, which meant that the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss.

One such memorial was raised in the churchyard of St Michael and All Angels Church (now known as 'Sunnyside Church') in circa 1920, as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made by the members of the local community who lost their lives in the First World War. After the Second World War the names of 13 residents who died during that conflict were added to the plinth.

Details

First World War memorial with later additions for the Second World War. Erected circa 1920, with the names of the fallen of the Second World War added after 1945.

MATERIALS: carved from stone.

DESCRIPTION: the war memorial stands in the churchyard of St Michael and All Angels (Sunnyside) Church. It is S of the chancel of the Grade II-listed church. The memorial comprises a budded cross set upon a capital at the head of a tapering shaft. It rises from a moulded square plinth on a three-tier stepped base. On the plinth is a weathered inscription, which is recorded as 1914-1919/ TO THE GLORY OF GOD/ AND IN MEMORY OF THE MEN OF THIS PARISH/ WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES FOR THEIR COUNTRY.

A further inscription commemorates the fallen of the Second World War which reads GREATER LOVE HATH NO MAN THAN THIS,/ THAT A MAN LAY DOWN HIS LIFE/ FOR HIS FRIENDS. John 15:13/ 1938 - 1945.



This List entry has been amended to add sources for War Memorials Online and the War Memorials Register. These sources were not used in the compilation of this List entry but are added here as a guide for further reading, 23 November 2017.

Selected Sources

Websites
Roll of Honour, accessed 16 June 2016 from http://www.roll-of-honour.com/Hertfordshire/Sunnyside.html
War Memorials Online, accessed 23 November 2017 from https://www.warmemorialsonline.org.uk/memorial/253618
War Memorials Register, accessed 16 June 2017 from http://www.iwm.org.uk/memorials/item/memorial/72539

National Grid Reference: TL0017807691

Map

Map
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End of official listing