Increasing Residential Density in Historic Environments

Project 160718

By Arup

This study explores the factors that can contribute to successfully delivering developments which increase residential density in historic environments. It uses a combination of literature review and case studies to provide a series of recommendations to support decision making.

The literature review covers a range of materials from government policy, other public bodies, academic research and practitioners. This is supported by ten case studies, drawn from across England. These identify the factors which have enabled these projects to provide greater residential density than the surrounding area, while creating successful places where people want to live.

The report's findings and recommendations cover 5 main themes:

  • Design
  • Policy
  • Context
  • Engagement
  • Management

Historic England commissioned Arup to carry out this research.


  • Executive summary
  • Introduction
  • Literature review summary
  • Case studies
  • Key findings
  • Recommendations

Additional Information

  • Publication Status: Completed
  • Pages: Report 46, Literature Review 29


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