Iron Age Old Sarum Hillfort, Salisbury, Wiltshire
An aerial view recontruction drawing of Old Sarum during the Iron Age, in c200 BC. Old Sarum was an Iron Age Hillfort. Hillforts were used as administrative centres, cattlepounds and markets, but also places of safety in which whole communities could take shelter during times of threat. The site was then used by the Romans, who called it Sorviodunum. It was then used by the Anglo Saxons and Normans. The Normans built both a castle and cathedral here in the 11th century. This site is now in the care of English Heritage (2011). Read detailed archaeological description.