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Two Outstanding Yorkshire Churches Now Grade I Listed

Two remarkable churches in Yorkshire have had their listing upgraded to Grade I on the advice of Historic England (formerly English Heritage). St Charles Borromeo, Hull and Ampleforth Abbey are now afforded the highest level of protection by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Interior of St Charles Borromeo © Alex Ramsay
Interior of St Charles Borromeo © Alex Ramsay

St Charles Borromeo, Hull

The church of St Charles Borromeo in Hull has long been considered a hidden gem. Behind the Jarratt Street façade is arguably one of the most opulent and dramatic interiors of any 19th-century church in England.  Inspired by the Italian Baroque and Austrian Rococo, some of the decorative work was carried out by Austrian craftsman Heinrich Immenkamp who was a local resident. The classical exterior and grand porch was added in 1894 by Hull firm Smith, Brodrick and Lowther. The upgrade to Grade I celebrates Hull’s significant heritage in the run up to Hull City of Culture 2017.

Ampleforth Abbey  © Historic England. Upgraded to Grade I (from Grade II)
Ampleforth Abbey © Historic England. Upgraded to Grade I (from Grade II)

Ampleforth Abbey

The Roman Catholic Abbey Church at Ampleforth was designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, one of the most eminent architects of the 20th century. Scott is best known for designing Liverpool Anglican Cathedral, Waterloo Bridge and Battersea Power Station, as well as the iconic K6 red telephone box.

Ampleforth is home to a community of more than 70 monks and Scott’s building reflects the pared back simplicity encouraged by the Benedictine order. The Abbey also plays a central part in the lives of the staff and students of Catholic boarding school Ampleforth College.

Built in two phases, the Abbey Church illustrates the way that Scott’s architecture developed through his life: the first phase, the east end built in the 1920s, is highly ornamented with dark coloured carved stonework; the second phase, the central tower, nave and transepts started in 1958 and completed in 1961 after Scott’s Death, is streamlined and much brighter.

Interior of Ampleforth Abbey © Alex Ramsay
Interior of Ampleforth Abbey © Alex Ramsay

Exceptional buildings

These two contrasting buildings now join the likes of Grade I landmarks including York Minster, Rievaulx Abbey and Queen Street Mill, Burnley. Grade I buildings are of exceptional interest and only around 2.5% of listed buildings in England are Grade I.

These significant listing upgrades come at the end of a partnership project between Historic England and the Roman Catholic Diocese of Middlesbrough and the Patrimony Committee of the Bishops’ Conference.  This is part of a rolling programme of research into Roman Catholic church buildings throughout England.

David Evennett, Heritage Minister, said:
"These two churches are a wonderful example of the remarkable architecture Yorkshire has to offer. I am delighted that this upgrade will provide extra protection for these churches and also highlights Hull's rich architecture as we look forward to the 2017 City of Culture celebrations."

The exterior of St Charles Borromeo, Hull © John Lord via Flickr. Upgraded to Grade I (from II*)
The exterior of St Charles Borromeo, Hull © John Lord via Flickr. Upgraded to Grade I (from II*)

Further listings

St Peter and St Paul, Leyburn- upgraded to Grade II*
The church of St Peter and St Paul is a nationally rare example of a Roman Catholic church with well-surviving box pews, a style of seating more typical of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Anglican churches.

St Mary and St Romuald, Yarm – newly listed Grade II
Built as a gift from Thomas Meynell to his new wife Jayne, this church represents a relatively early and little altered church by George Goldie, considered one of the foremost Catholic architects in England.

Eric Branse-Instone, Listing Adviser at Historic England, said:
“Yorkshire has a wonderfully rich and varied Roman Catholic heritage ranging from the no-nonsense Dales respectability of St Peter and St Paul, Leyburn; through to the astonishingly dramatic, almost operatic interior of St Borromeo, Hull; to Sir Giles Gilbert Scott’s sublimely crafted Ampleforth Abbey Church, only completed in 1961.”

Rt Rev Mgr Canon David Hogan, Chairman of the Diocese of Middlesbrough’s Historic Churches Committee, said:
“As Chairman of the Historic Churches Committee, I would like to say how delighted and grateful we are to Historic England as this shows what buildings of national importance the Diocese of Middlesbrough has within its boundaries”.

Sophie Andreae, Patrimony Committee of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference, said:
“It is very exciting that the importance of Catholic heritage is now being recognised. These outstanding churches deserve to be better known and we are very grateful to Historic England for their support for the major research project that has led to this announcement.”

Fr Terence Richardson OSB, Prior of Ampleforth Abbey
, said:
"The Abbey Church is at the centre of the monastic life here at Ampleforth and we are delighted that the classic design by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott is now recognised as of national importance."

Detail of a cherub at St Charles Borromeo, Hull © Alex Ramsay
Detail of a cherub at St Charles Borromeo, Hull © Alex Ramsay
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