This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

The Canopy

Front cover for The Canopy

London’s Urban Forest: A Guide for Designers, Planners and Developers

Environmental, social and economic demands are making it difficult for us to create healthy, liveable and economically resilient places.

As we strive to improve our urban environments and tackle city pressures, we are discovering the extent to which trees are a significant contributory factor in achieving these aims.

In the last few years a growing body of research has made it clear that trees are a cost-effective way of bringing a wide range of benefits to the environment, to individual people and to society as a whole. At the same time, studies have shown that in urban areas all over England our trees are under threat. Large trees are being cut down and are being replaced by much smaller varieties. The wrong type of trees are being planted in the wrong places. We need to reverse this trend. This guide will help you to do that and to create healthier, more liveable and more successful places.


  • The Challenge
  • City Pressures
  • Green Benefits
  • Real Value
  • Technical Solutions
  • Podium Planting
  • Grounded People
  • Case Study: Developer Approach
  • Case Study: Designer Approach
  • Case Study: Planning Approach
  • Knowledge Tree
  • The Future

Additional Information

  • Series: Guidance
  • Publication Status: Completed


If you require an alternative, accessible version of this document (for instance in audio, Braille or large print) please contact us:

Customer Service Department

Telephone: 0370 333 0607
Fax: 01793 414926
Textphone: 0800 015 0516

Was this page helpful?