Test buildings at Orford Ness, Suffolk

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Test buildings, now scheduled monuments, associated with the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment occupation of the spit at Orford Ness, Suffolk

Introductions to Heritage Assets (Archaeology)

Here you can find our Introductions to Heritage Assets (IHAs) for archaeology, which are accessible, authoritative, well-illustrated summaries of what we know about specific classes of  sites or monuments.

While there is no aspiration to have an entirely comprehensive series covering all types of sites from early prehistory to present, the 41 IHAs completed to date do include the majority of the main groups of heritage asset from early prehistory to the end of the Middle Ages.

More will be added as time goes on, especially when new research alters accepted understanding.

What IHAs cover

IHAs share a common approach, headings and format.

A short Introduction defines the asset type, notes any alternative names by which the site or monument-type is known, gives the broad date range, and discusses the distribution and number of known examples.

Next comes a Description, or Historical background,  which considers in greater detail the sites’ locations in the landscape, their form and plan, and how it is thought they functioned.

With more complex asset types there may be a separate section on Chronology, tracing their development through time, followed by a discussion of the Development of the monument type as revealed by investigation - what has been revealed by archaeology or survey work of all sorts.

In each case a narrative guide to Further Reading is supplied, which signposts key works, especially those of an accessible character.

Animal Management

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Animal Management.

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Artillery Defences

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Artillery Defences.

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Banjo Enclosures

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Banjo Enclosures.

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Causewayed Enclosures

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Causewayed Enclosures.

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Caves, Fissures and Rockshelters

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Caves, Fissures and Rockshelters.

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Earthwork and Timber Castles

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Earthwork and Timber Castles.

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Enclosed Prehistoric Settlements

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Enclosed Prehistoric Settlements.

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Field Systems

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Field Systems.

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Hermitages

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Hermitages.

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Hillforts

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Hillforts.

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Later Prehistoric Shrines and Ritual Structures

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Later Prehistoric Shrines and Ritual Structures.

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Linear Frontiers

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Linear Frontiers.

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Medieval and Early Post-Medieval Glassworks

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to glassworks.

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Medieval and Later Fieldworks

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Medieval and Later Fieldworks.

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Medieval Settlements

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Medieval Settlements.

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Megalithic Chamber Tombs

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Megalithic Chamber Tombs.

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Mills

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Mills.

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Oppida

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Oppida.

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Pre-Christian Cemeteries

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Pre-Christian Cemeteries.

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Prehistoric and Romano-British Settlements with Structures

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Prehistoric and Romano-British Settlements with Structures.

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Prehistoric Avenues and Alignments

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Prehistoric Avenues and Alignments.

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Prehistoric Barrows and Burial Mounds

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Prehistoric Barrows and Burial Mounds.

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Prehistoric Henges and Circles

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Prehistoric Henges and Circles.

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Prehistoric Linear Boundary Earthworks

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Prehistoric Linear Boundary Earthworks.

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Prehistoric Rock Art

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Prehistoric Rock Art.

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Pre-industrial Ironworks

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Pre-industrial Ironworks.

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Pre-industrial Lime Kilns

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Pre-industrial Lime Kilns.

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Pre-industrial Mines and Quarries

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Pre-industrial Mines and Quarries.

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Pre-industrial Roads, Trackways and Canals

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Pre-industrial Roads, Trackways and Canals.

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Pre-industrial Salterns

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Pre-industrial Salterns.

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River Fisheries and Coastal Fish Weirs

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to River Fisheries and Coastal Fish Weirs.

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Roman Amphitheatres, Theatres and Circuses

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Roman Amphitheatres, Theatres and Circuses.

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Roman and Medieval Pottery and Tile Production

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Roman and Medieval Pottery and Tile Production.

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Roman and Medieval Sea and River Flood Defences

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Roman and Medieval Sea and River Flood Defences.

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Roman Forts and Fortresses

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Roman Forts and Fortresses.

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Roman Settlements

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Roman Settlements.

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Saxon Shore Forts

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Saxon Shore Forts.

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Shielings

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Shielings.

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Shrines (Roman and Post-Roman)

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Shrines (Roman and Post-Roman).

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Stone Castles

Published 31 October 2018

An introductory guide to Stone Castles.

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Water Meadows

Published 31 October 2018

This short guide provides an introduction to the history and typology of water meadows. It is intended to support the scheduling selection guide on Agriculture.

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