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Battle of Adwalton Moor 1643

List Entry Summary

This battlefield is registered within the Register of Historic Battlefields by English Heritage for its special historic interest.

Name: Battle of Adwalton Moor 1643

List entry Number: 1000000

Location

ADWALTON MOOR

The battlefield may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Bradford

District Type: Metropolitan Authority

Parish: Non Civil Parish

County:

District: Kirklees

District Type: Metropolitan Authority

Parish: Non Civil Parish

County:

District: Leeds

District Type: Metropolitan Authority

Parish: Drighlington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not Applicable to this List Entry

Date first registered: 06-Jun-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: Battlefields

UID: 1

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Battlefield

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

THE BATTLE OF ADWALTON MOOR 1643



The Civil Wars of the mid seventeenth century were a reflection of profound political, constitutional, religious and social conflict which was expressed in a struggle for control between King and Parliament.

In the early stages of the first Civil War, the Parliamentary cause in the North was upheld by the Fairfax family, the Royalist party by the Earl of Newcastle. To break the power of the Fairfaxes, which was concentrated on the cloth towns of West Yorkshire, the Earl of Newcastle marched on Bradford in June 1643 with 10,000 men. To defend the town, which could not have resisted a siege, the Fairfaxes advanced from Bradford with 3,000 - 4,000 men and gave battle on Adwalton Moor.

The Parliamentarians achieved initial success, but once they were out on the open moor there was a sudden change of fortune. The Royalists' pikemen pushed the Parliamentarians back, their cavalry turning retreat into flight. The Royalists had won.

The victory at Adwalton Moor gave the Royalists control of the North for the remainder of the year. It was second only in significance to Marston Moor in the history of the Civil Wars in the North.

The landscape of 1643 was one of hedge-lined fields on the lower slopes and moorland with coal pits higher up. The expansion of housing and roads over the last 150 years has dramatically altered the character of the battlefield.

AMENITY FEATURES Despite its urban fringe character, the landscape still holds some features of historical interest related to the battle. Several of the hedgerows are likely to have been features of the 1643 scene, as were the coal pits now visible only as ponds around the Plantation. Public access to the main viewpoints is possible. Portraits of Fairfax and Newcastle hang in nearby Oakwell Hall.

OTHER DESIGNATIONS Most of the battlefield is designated as Green Belt or other classes of urban greenspace.

KEY SOURCES Firth, C H (ed), 2nd edition 1907, The life of William Cavendish, Duke of Newcastle by Margaret, Duchess of Newcastle Parsons, D (ed), 1836, The life of Sir Henry Slingsby of Scriven, Bt.

Selected Sources

Websites
Historic England Battlefield Report, accessed 11-JUN-2015 from https://content.HistoricEngland.org.uk/content/docs/battlefields/adwalton.pdf

National Grid Reference: SE2136029019

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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End of official listing