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Listed Buildings

Listing helps us acknowledge and understand our shared history. It marks and celebrates a building's special architectural and historic interest, and also brings it under the consideration of the planning system so that some thought will be taken about its future. 

The older a building is, the more likely it is to be listed.

All buildings built before 1700 which survive in anything like their original condition are listed, as are most of those built between 1700 and 1840. Particularly careful selection is required for buildings from the period after 1945. A building has normally to be over 30 years old to be eligible for listing.

Age Range of Listed Buildings
Graph detailing the age range of listed buildings in the UK

Categories of listed buildings

  • Grade I buildings are of exceptional interest, only 2.5% of listed buildings are Grade I
  • Grade II* buildings are particularly important buildings of more than special interest; 5.5% of listed buildings are Grade II*
  • Grade II buildings are of special interest; 92% of all listed buildings are in this class and it is the most likely grade of listing for a home owner.

In England there are approximately 376,099 listed building entries (as of March 2015).

The total number of listed buildings is not known, as one single entry can sometimes cover a number of individual units, such as a listed terrace of houses. The total is thought to be around 500,000.

Lighthouse, keepers' cottages and compound wall, North Tyneside
St Mary's Island lighthouse, keepers' cottages and compound wall, North Tyneside. Built in the late C19, designed by Sir Thomas Matthews, engineer-in-chief to the Trinity House Board. Listed at Grade II. NHLE List Entry Number: 1408299.

How will listing affect me?

Listing is not a preservation order, preventing change. It does not freeze a building in time, it simply means that listed building consent must be applied for in order to make any changes to that building which might affect its special interest.

Belsay Hall
Belsay Hall, Northumberland, Grade I

What can I do with my listed building?

Listed buildings are to be enjoyed and used, like any other building. Listed buildings can be altered, extended and sometimes even demolished within government planning guidance. The local authority uses listed building consent to make decisions that balance the site's historic significance against other issues, such as its function, condition or viability.

You can find planning information on making changes to listed buildings and links to grant information via the Your Home section.

How do I find out if my property is listed?

You can search on the National Heritage List for England (NHLE) to find out if your property is listed. Alternatively you can contact your local authority, who will also be able to tell you if the area you are interested in is a conservation area.  

The NHLE, also known as the List, also contains information on registered battlefields, registered parks and landscapes and historic wreck sites. For any general requests for more information, please contact our Designation helpdesk at

Radar Training Station
Radar Training Station, Fleetwood, Lancashire. Built in 1961-2 by Lancashire County Council Architect's Department under Roger Booth, designer and architect in charge Eric Morris Hart, assistant county architect, Tom Dennis. Listed at Grade II. NHLE List Entry Number: 1350338.

Can I see the lists?

You can search the National Heritage List for England for all listed buildings, including those in your area, and print copies of individual entries. The National Heritage List for England is the only official and up to date database of all nationally designated heritage assets.

The older set of lists is available for inspection at The Engine House, Fire Fly Avenue, Swindon, SN2 2EH. Contact our Archive Services team on 01793 414 600 or contact

Heritage Gateway is a website which allows any user to search across national and local records of England’s historic sites and buildings.  Over 45 local authority Historic Environment Records and several national datasets, including The National Heritage List for England, PastScape and Images of England are available to search through Heritage Gateway.  More datasets continue to be added to the website on a regular basis.  

Images of England is a photographic library of England's listed buildings, recorded at the turn of the 21st century. You can view over 300,000 images of England's built heritage from lamp posts to lavatories, phone boxes to toll booths, mile stones to gravestones, as well as thousands of bridges, historic houses and churches.  

Hammersmith Bridge
Hammersmith Bridge, London. Built in 1884 by Sir Joseph Bazalgette. Listed at Grade II*. NHLE List Entry Number: 1079819

On 1 April 2015 the part of English Heritage represented on this website changed its name to Historic England. You may notice that some of our content still refers to English Heritage. We are in the process of rebranding, but in the meantime please be assured that all our content and guidance is still current.


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