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Battle of Boroughbridge 1322

List Entry Summary

This battlefield is registered within the Register of Historic Battlefields by English Heritage for its special historic interest.

Name: Battle of Boroughbridge 1322

List entry Number: 1000003

Location

BOROUGHBRIDGE

The battlefield may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Harrogate

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Boroughbridge

County: North Yorkshire

District: Harrogate

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Langthorpe

County: North Yorkshire

District: Harrogate

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Milby

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not Applicable to this List Entry

Date first registered: 06-Jun-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: Battlefields

UID: 4

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Battlefield

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

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Details

BATTLE OF BOROUGHBRIDGE 1322



For over ten years, King Edward II and his cousin Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, had been on such bad terms that the outbreak of open hostilities between them appeared only a matter of time. When Thomas finally did rise in revolt, he was thwarted by the King at Burton on Trent and retreated northwards, hoping to reach safety in Northumberland. On reaching the Ure at Boroughbridge, the rebels found the Warden of Carlisle, Sir Andrew de Harcla, at the head of a 4,000-strong force, barring their path.

The rebels were repulsed in their attempts to cross both at the bridge and at a nearby ford. Dispirited, the rebel force melted away. Lancaster and the leaders of the rebellion were captured and later executed.

The demise of Lancaster might have enabled the King to make a fresh start to his troubled reign, but he failed to take advantage of the situation. Within a few years, Edward had been deposed and murdered.

At the time of the battle, Boroughbridge was a market town crowded with stone- and timber-built houses and shops. To the west, the fields were cultivated in strips, the ridge and furrow system, which survives in places. To the east, the land close to the river has always been liable to flooding and was open pasture. The bridge itself was probably a wooden predecessor of the current structure.

AMENITY FEATURES Public access along the river banks allows easy appreciation of the two key areas of the battle. In 1852 the monument traditionally associated with the battle - an ornate column - was moved to Aldborough.

The battlefield is close to an earlier battlefield, at Myton-on-Swale. The two are linked by the riverside walk. The Scots ransacked Boroughbridge during the campaign leading to the Battle of Myton in 1318.

OTHER DESIGNATIONS Much of Boroughbridge is a Conservation Area. The Devil's Arrows, south-west of the town, are Scheduled Ancient Monuments. The Boroughbridge area is indicated as an area of concentration for water-borne recreation.

KEY SOURCES Brie, F W D (ed), 1906, The Brut or Chronicles of England Rothwell, H (ed), 1975, English Historical Documents 1189-327

Selected Sources

Websites
Historic England Battlefield Report, accessed 11-JUN-2015 from https://content.HistoricEngland.org.uk/content/docs/battlefields/boroughbridge.pdf

National Grid Reference: SE 39851 67186

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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End of official listing