Battle of Boroughbridge 1322

Overview

Heritage Category: Battlefield

List Entry Number: 1000003

Date first listed: 06-Jun-1995

Location Description: BOROUGHBRIDGE

Map

Ordnance survey map of Battle of Boroughbridge 1322
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Location

Location Description: BOROUGHBRIDGE

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Harrogate (District Authority)

Parish: Boroughbridge

County: North Yorkshire

District: Harrogate (District Authority)

Parish: Langthorpe

County: North Yorkshire

District: Harrogate (District Authority)

Parish: Milby

National Grid Reference: SE 39851 67186

Summary

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Reasons for Designation

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History

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Details

BATTLE OF BOROUGHBRIDGE 1322



For over ten years, King Edward II and his cousin Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, had been on such bad terms that the outbreak of open hostilities between them appeared only a matter of time. When Thomas finally did rise in revolt, he was thwarted by the King at Burton on Trent and retreated northwards, hoping to reach safety in Northumberland. On reaching the Ure at Boroughbridge, the rebels found the Warden of Carlisle, Sir Andrew de Harcla, at the head of a 4,000-strong force, barring their path.

The rebels were repulsed in their attempts to cross both at the bridge and at a nearby ford. Dispirited, the rebel force melted away. Lancaster and the leaders of the rebellion were captured and later executed.

The demise of Lancaster might have enabled the King to make a fresh start to his troubled reign, but he failed to take advantage of the situation. Within a few years, Edward had been deposed and murdered.

At the time of the battle, Boroughbridge was a market town crowded with stone- and timber-built houses and shops. To the west, the fields were cultivated in strips, the ridge and furrow system, which survives in places. To the east, the land close to the river has always been liable to flooding and was open pasture. The bridge itself was probably a wooden predecessor of the current structure.

AMENITY FEATURES Public access along the river banks allows easy appreciation of the two key areas of the battle. In 1852 the monument traditionally associated with the battle - an ornate column - was moved to Aldborough.

The battlefield is close to an earlier battlefield, at Myton-on-Swale. The two are linked by the riverside walk. The Scots ransacked Boroughbridge during the campaign leading to the Battle of Myton in 1318.

OTHER DESIGNATIONS Much of Boroughbridge is a Conservation Area. The Devil's Arrows, south-west of the town, are Scheduled Ancient Monuments. The Boroughbridge area is indicated as an area of concentration for water-borne recreation.

KEY SOURCES Brie, F W D (ed), 1906, The Brut or Chronicles of England Rothwell, H (ed), 1975, English Historical Documents 1189-327

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 4

Legacy System: Battlefields

Sources

Websites
Historic England Battlefield Report, accessed 11-JUN-2015 from https://content.HistoricEngland.org.uk/content/docs/battlefields/boroughbridge.pdf

End of official listing