Battle of Braddock Down 1643

Overview

Heritage Category: Battlefield

List Entry Number: 1000005

Date first listed: 06-Jun-1995

Location Description: BRADDOCK DOWN

Map

Ordnance survey map of Battle of Braddock Down 1643
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Location Description: BRADDOCK DOWN

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Broadoak

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Pinnock

National Grid Reference: SX 17575 63008

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

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History

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Details

BATTLE OF BRADDOCK DOWN 1643



The Civil Wars of the mid seventeenth century were a reflection of profound political, constitutional, religious and social conflict which was expressed in a struggle for control between King and Parliament.

At the start of 1643, the Royalist position in Cornwall was threatened by the advance from Devon of two parliamentary armies under the Earl of Stamford and Colonel Ruthin. Sir Ralph Hopton, commanding the Cornish Royalists, decided to strike at Ruthin before he could join forces with Stamford. Hopton found the Parliamentarians deployed on Braddock Down on 19 January 1643.

Hopton launched his troops in a charge which swept all before it, Ruthin's men staying to fire barely a single volley at the advancing Royalists. Some 1,250-1,500 Parliamentarians were captures, together with their baggage train and ammunition, and as many as 200 were killed. Cornwall was once more firmly in the hands of the Royalists, and Hopton marched into Devon and blockaded Plymouth. The Battle of Braddock Down had rejuvenated the Cornish Army and confirmed their faith in Hopton's leadership.

The battlefield landscape remains dominated by the opposing slopes of Braddock Down and, although later drained and subdivided into smaller fields, the grassy downland over which the battle was fought is easily imagined.

AMENITY FEATURES Although the appearance of the battlefield has altered significantly since 1643, the topography is still readily appreciable. Access to the battlefield is limited, however, to the roads on its edges. A view can be gained from the southern tip of the battlefield where recent road improvements have left a small informal car parking area. The prehistoric burial mounds of the area add a further dimension to the interest of the landscape.

OTHER DESIGNATIONS The Caradon Local Park (Draft Version, April 1994) designates the Battlefield Area as part of a Special Area of Great Landscape Value. To the north of the battlefield area is Largin Wood, a Cornwall Nature Conservation Area.

KEY SOURCES

Coate, M, 1963, Cornwall in the great Civil War and Interregnum 1642-60

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 6

Legacy System: Battlefields

Sources

Websites
Historic England Battlefield Report, accessed 11-JUN-2015 from https://content.HistoricEngland.org.uk/content/docs/battlefields/braddock.pdf

End of official listing