Battle of Cropredy Bridge 1644

Overview

Heritage Category: Battlefield

List Entry Number: 1000008

Date first listed: 06-Jun-1995

Location Description: CROPREDY BRIDGE

Map

Ordnance survey map of Battle of Cropredy Bridge 1644
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Location

Location Description: CROPREDY BRIDGE

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: Cherwell (District Authority)

Parish: Bourton

County: Oxfordshire

District: Cherwell (District Authority)

Parish: Cropredy

County: Oxfordshire

District: Cherwell (District Authority)

Parish: Prescote

County: Oxfordshire

District: Cherwell (District Authority)

Parish: Wardington

National Grid Reference: SP 47512 44995, SP 47927 46275

Summary

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Reasons for Designation

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History

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Details

BATTLE OF CROPREDY BRIDGE 1644



The Civil Wars of the mid seventeenth century were a reflection of profound political, constitutional, religious and social conflict which was expressed in a struggle for control between King and Parliament.

Following the defeat of the Royalists at Cheriton, the King's capital at Oxford was under threat. Charles drew the Parliamentarian army off with a long match towards Worcester and back towards Oxford. When the Parliamentarian troops caught them up, they sought an opportunity to attack across the Cherwell.

On the morning of Saturday 29 June 1644, seizing a chance presented to him by King Charles in leaving his rear guard lagging behind, Sir William Waller ordered his forces across the river at Cropredy Bridge and a nearby ford. After initial success, the Parliamentarians were beaten back across the river and the two sides separated to watch each other across the valley. On the second night, the Royalist army slipped away.

The failure by the Parliamentarians to defeat the Royalist army caused mutiny and chaos within their own ranks. It was after this battle that the need for a permanent army was realised by Parliament, leading to the New Model Army by the following year.

Little of significance has altered in the landscape since 1644. The canal and railway are later features, but neither detracts from an appreciation of the topography, which shaped the battle.

AMENITY FEATURES The bridge itself provides a good vantage point. Public footpaths provide good access to other areas of the battlefield, including the crossing point at Slat Mill. The village of Cropredy is of historic interest.

OTHER DESIGNATIONS The whole of the battlefield lies within an Area of High Landscape Value in the Local Plan. The southern section is an Ecologically Important Landscape. Parts of the battlefield fall within Cropredy, Williamscot and Wardington Conservation Areas.

KEY SOURCES Hamilton, W D (ed), 1888, Calendar of State Papers of the Reign of King Charles I, 1644 His Majesties happy progress and successes from the 30th March to the 23rd of November 1644, Christchurch, Oxford, MS 164

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 9

Legacy System: Battlefields

Sources

Websites
Historic England Battlefield Report, accessed 11-JUN-2015 from https://content.HistoricEngland.org.uk/content/docs/battlefields/cropredy.pdf

End of official listing