Battle of Edgehill 1642

Overview

Heritage Category:
Battlefield
List Entry Number:
1000009
Date first listed:
06-Jun-1995
Location Description:
EDGEHILL

Map

Ordnance survey map of Battle of Edgehill 1642
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Location Description:
EDGEHILL
County:
Warwickshire
District:
Stratford-on-Avon (District Authority)
Parish:
Burton Dassett
County:
Warwickshire
District:
Stratford-on-Avon (District Authority)
Parish:
Chadshunt
County:
Warwickshire
District:
Stratford-on-Avon (District Authority)
Parish:
Kineton
County:
Warwickshire
District:
Stratford-on-Avon (District Authority)
Parish:
Oxhill
County:
Warwickshire
District:
Stratford-on-Avon (District Authority)
Parish:
Radway
County:
Warwickshire
District:
Stratford-on-Avon (District Authority)
Parish:
Tysoe
National Grid Reference:
SP3396249503

Details

BATTLE OF EDGEHILL 1642



The Civil Wars of the mid seventeenth century were a reflection of profound political, constitutional, religious and social conflict which was expressed in a struggle for control between King and Parliament.

In the late summer of 1642, as the King made to move against London, the Earl of Essex in command of Parliament's army sought to block his advance. The two armies blundered into each other near Edgehill on 23 October.

The Royalists occupied the ridge of Edgehill with some 14,000 men, while the Parliamentarians, almost equal in numbers, deployed south-east of Kineton. It was the Royalists who were the first to attack, but despite gaining some ground their raw troops failed to press home their advantage. The battle drifted into confusion as a result of poor leadership, panic and exhaustion. As dusk fell, the fighting subsided and the armies parted.

The Battle of Edgehill presented the King with the opportunity to advance to London and perhaps to bring the War to an end at a stroke. Having taken Oxford, however, the city which was to remain his headquarters for the remainder of the war, Charles I failed to pursue his strategic objective with vigour, and both armies looked instead to their winter quarters.

AMENITY FEATURES The Edgehill Battle Museum is situated (September 1994) in a range of farm buildings at Farnborough Hall, a National Trust property several miles south of the battlefield. Access to the battlefield by public footpath is currently limited. Nevertheless, below the Castle Inn next to the footpath is an old stone seat, which gives a fine view of the battlefield, especially the Royalist position. Other features such as the medieval grange landscape and the ridge and furrow can also be appreciated from here.

OTHER DESIGNATIONS The Edgehill scarp forms part of the Cotswolds Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and is designated a Special Landscape Area in the Development Plan. Radway is a Conservation Area and there are a number of Listed Buildings in the battlefield area. Several areas of woodland are subject to Tree Preservation Orders.

KEY SOURCES

Young, P, 1967, Edgehill 1642: the campaign and the battle

This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment to the Selected Sources on 10/04/2019

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
10
Legacy System:
Battlefields

Sources

Websites
English Heritage Battlefield Report: Battle of Edgehill 1642 (Published 1995), accessed 10th April 2019 from https://historicengland.org.uk/content/docs/listing/battlefields/edgehill/

Legal

This battlefield is registered within the Register of Historic Battlefields by Historic England for its special historic interest.

End of official listing

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