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Battle of Edgehill 1642

List Entry Summary

This battlefield is registered within the Register of Historic Battlefields by English Heritage for its special historic interest.

Name: Battle of Edgehill 1642

List entry Number: 1000009

Location

EDGEHILL

The battlefield may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Warwickshire

District: Stratford-on-Avon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Burton Dassett

County: Warwickshire

District: Stratford-on-Avon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Chadshunt

County: Warwickshire

District: Stratford-on-Avon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Kineton

County: Warwickshire

District: Stratford-on-Avon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Oxhill

County: Warwickshire

District: Stratford-on-Avon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Radway

County: Warwickshire

District: Stratford-on-Avon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Tysoe

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not Applicable to this List Entry

Date first registered: 06-Jun-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: Battlefields

UID: 10

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Battlefield

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

BATTLE OF EDGEHILL 1642



The Civil Wars of the mid seventeenth century were a reflection of profound political, constitutional, religious and social conflict which was expressed in a struggle for control between King and Parliament.

In the late summer of 1642, as the King made to move against London, the Earl of Essex in command of Parliament's army sought to block his advance. The two armies blundered into each other near Edgehill on 23 October.

The Royalists occupied the ridge of Edgehill with some 14,000 men, while the Parliamentarians, almost equal in numbers, deployed south-east of Kineton. It was the Royalists who were the first to attack, but despite gaining some ground their raw troops failed to press home their advantage. The battle drifted into confusion as a result of poor leadership, panic and exhaustion. As dusk fell, he fighting subsided and the armies parted.

The Battle of Edgehill presented the King with the opportunity to advance to London and perhaps to bring the War to an end at a stroke. Having taken Oxford, however, the city which was to remain his headquarters for the remainder of the war, Charles I failed to pursue his strategic objective with vigour, and both armies looked instead to their winter quarters.

AMENITY FEATURES The Edgehill Battle Museum is situated (September 1994) in a range of farm buildings at Farnborough Hall, a National Trust property several miles south of the battlefield. Access to the battlefield by public footpath is currently limited. Nevertheless, below the Castle Inn next to the footpath is an old stone seat, which gives a fine view of the battlefield, especially the Royalist position. Other features such as the medieval grange landscape and the ridge and furrow can also be appreciated from here.

OTHER DESIGNATIONS The Edgehill scarp forms part of the Cotswolds Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and is designated a Special Landscape Area in the Development Plan. Radway is a Conservation Area and there are a number of Listed Buildings in the battlefield area. Several areas of woodland are subject to Tree Preservation Orders.

KEY SOURCES

Young, P, 1967, Edgehill 1642: the campaign and the battle

Selected Sources

Websites
Historic England Battlefield Report, accessed 11-JUN-2015 from https://content.HistoricEngland.org.uk/content/docs/battlefields/edgehill.pdf

National Grid Reference: SP3396249503

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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End of official listing