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Battle of Hastings 1066

List Entry Summary

This battlefield is registered within the Register of Historic Battlefields by English Heritage for its special historic interest.

Name: Battle of Hastings 1066

List entry Number: 1000013

Location

HASTINGS

The battlefield may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Rother

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Battle

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not Applicable to this List Entry

Date first registered: 06-Jun-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: Battlefields

UID: 14

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Battlefield

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

BATTLE OF HASTINGS 1066



William, Duke of Normandy, had decided to take by force the crown of England, which he had been denied by Harold Godwineson's enthronement in January 1066. His invasion fleet landed at Pevensey on 28th September 1066. When news reached Harold returning from his victory at Stamford Bridge in Yorkshire, he marched hurriedly southwards and arrived near Hastings overnight on 13/14 October.

Harold's position was strong, and when William attacked the English gave no ground. Indeed, it was the Norman army which broke in the belief that William had been killed, but the Duke rallied his troops and led renewed attacks. It was the apparent further retreat by the Normans, which finally lured the English away from their defensive positions and led to their downfall as the Norman troops turned on them. The battle lasted all day, but by evening King Harold was dead and his army, despite repeated stands, was broken.

The Battle of Hastings holds a special place in English history as the last English battle which led to the conquest of the nation. It marked the opening of a new phase in English history both in terms of domestic politics and the relationship with Europe. It influenced the whole development of the ecclesiastical and political institutions of western Christendom. Its importance cannot be overstated.

AMENITY FEATURES Most of the battlefield is in the ownership of English Heritage and the battle is interpreted for visitors. The site of Harold's death is reputedly marked by the high altar of the Abbey at Battle.

KEY SOURCES Douglas, D C, Greenaway, G W (eds.) English Historical Documents 1042 - 1189 Garmonsway, G N, (trans.), 1967, The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

Selected Sources

Websites
Historic England Battlefield Report, accessed 11-JUN-2015 from https://content.HistoricEngland.org.uk/content/docs/battlefields/battle.pdf

National Grid Reference: TQ7453215562

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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End of official listing