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Battle of Myton 1319

List Entry Summary

This battlefield is registered within the Register of Historic Battlefields by English Heritage for its special historic interest.

Name: Battle of Myton 1319

List entry Number: 1000021

Location

MYTON

The battlefield may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Hambleton

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Myton-on-Swale

County: North Yorkshire

District: Harrogate

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Ellenthorpe

County: North Yorkshire

District: Harrogate

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Humberton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not Applicable to this List Entry

Date first registered: 06-Jun-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: Battlefields

UID: 22

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Battlefield

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

BATTLE OF MYTON 1319



In 1318, during the Scottish Wars of Independence, Berwick-on-Tweed fell to the Scots. The following year, King Edward II laid siege to the town in an effort to recapture it. To create a diversion the Scots sent a force of some 15,000 men to ravage Yorkshire. Their depredations were such that the Archbishop of York, William de Melton, led a scratch force of about 15,000 clerics and townsfolk out of York to Myton, hoping to surprise the Scots.

The inexperienced English army was no match for the Scots. They crossed the small bridge and advanced in disorder, whereupon the Scots encircled and routed them. Many of the English were drowned in the Swale, although the Archbishop escaped.

The concern of the northern English nobility for their unprotected lands was such that King Edward II had to raise the siege of Berwick in order to pursue the Scots. Nevertheless, he failed to intercept them, and there followed a two-year truce in the Anglo-Scottish wars. The documentation of the battle sheds rare light on the military tactics of the period.

The battlefield is today much the same as in 1319, with hay pasture dominant but medieval ploughlands evident in the form of ridge and furrow. Two more recent tree belts separate the bridgehead from the Scots' position.

AMENITY FEATURES A public right of way gives access to the heart of the battlefield between Myton Bridge and Clot House Farm. Subtle undulations indicate former ridge and furrow ploughlands and earlier courses of the River Swale. Myton itself is a village with visible medieval features. A Countryside Commission Open Access Area currently allows the circular trail route to be followed.

OTHER DESIGNATIONS Myton is a remote area under the Rivers Ure and Ouse Recreation subject plan and is subject to open countryside policies in the emerging Harrogate District Local Plan. It is a Special Landscape Area under the Hambleton plan (L9).

KEY SOURCES Brie, F W D (ed.), 1906, The Brut or the Chronicles of England Denholm-Young, N (trans.), 1957, The Life of Edward the Second by the so-called Monk of Malmesbury

Selected Sources

Websites
Historic England Battlefield Report, accessed 11-JUN-2015 from https://content.HistoricEngland.org.uk/content/docs/battlefields/myton.pdf

National Grid Reference: SE 42923 67333

Map

Map
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End of official listing