Battle of Stamford Bridge 1066

Overview

Heritage Category: Battlefield

List Entry Number: 1000035

Date first listed: 06-Jun-1995

Location Description: STAMFORD BRIDGE

Map

Ordnance survey map of Battle of Stamford Bridge 1066
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Location Description: STAMFORD BRIDGE

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Stamford Bridge

National Grid Reference: SE 72057 55125

Summary

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Reasons for Designation

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History

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Details

BATTLE OF STAMFORD BRIDGE 1066



In August 1066, King Harold Godwineson found himself confronted with the prospect of two major invasions of his realm - by William, Duke of Normandy, and by Harold Hardrada, King of Norway. Hardrada was first to strike, joining forces with the King's own brother Tostig and capturing York. King Harold marched from London in barely six days, giving him the opportunity to attack before Hardrada could have expected armed opposition.

On the morning of 25 September 1066, Hardrada and Tostig's army watched from higher ground south of Stamford Bridge as the English attacked swiftly breaking the Viking front line and killing Hardrada. But Tostig rejected his brother's offer of a truce and the battle continued until Tostig too was dead. Viking reinforcements came close to overcoming the exhausted English, but the English army finally emerged triumphant.

The defeat and death of the Norwegian King in the last Saxon victory effectively severed the politics of England from those if Scandinavia. At the same time, it gave William of Normandy two precious advantages on the south coast - an unopposed landing and time to establish a consolidated position once ashore. The scene was set for the battle of Hastings.

Except for the expansion of Stamford Bridge itself, the landscape has remained essentially unchanged since the battle. Battle Flat has long been arable land, although there would not have been hedges dividing the open fields. Stamford Bridge has been a crossing point of the Derwent from at least Roman times, although the site of the bridge has changed.

AMENITY FEATURES Public access to the Battle Flats area is currently limited to the Minster Way and to footpaths to the north and east of the battlefield area. An area of ridge and furrow at the centre of the battlefield is a last vestige of the medieval cultivation system.

OTHER DESIGNATIONS The Derwent valley is designated an Area of High Landscape Value in the development Plan. Draft policies N5, N6 and N9 are relevant tot he battlefield area. The River Derwent is a Site of Special Scientific Interest in the area of the town. The historic core of the town is designated a Conservation Area.

KEY SOURCES Douglas, D C and Greenaway, G W (eds.), 1981, English Historical Documents 1042-1189 'Heimskringla', in East Yorkshire in the Sagas, 1966, (ed.) A L Binns

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 36

Legacy System: Battlefields

Sources

Websites
English Heritage, 1995, Battlefield Report: Stamford Bridge 1066, accessed 11-JUN-2015 from https://content.HistoricEngland.org.uk/content/docs/battlefields/stamford.pdf

End of official listing