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Battle of Stoke (Field) 1487

List Entry Summary

This battlefield is registered within the Register of Historic Battlefields by English Heritage for its special historic interest.

Name: Battle of Stoke (Field) 1487

List entry Number: 1000036

Location

STOKE FIELD

The battlefield may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Nottinghamshire

District: Newark and Sherwood

District Type: District Authority

Parish: East Stoke

County: Nottinghamshire

District: Newark and Sherwood

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Elston

County: Nottinghamshire

District: Newark and Sherwood

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Syerston

County: Nottinghamshire

District: Rushcliffe

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Flintham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not Applicable to this List Entry

Date first registered: 06-Jun-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: Battlefields

UID: 37

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Battlefield

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

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Details

BATTLE OF STOKE FIELD 1487



The Wars of the Roses were caused by the protracted struggle for power between the dynasties of the House of Lancaster (red rose) and the competing House of York (white rose).

Even after the death of King Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485, the grip of King Henry VII and the Tudor dynasty on the crown was not secure. In May 1487 a group of diehard Yorkists, led by the Earl of Lincoln, had Lambert Simnel declared King Edward VI in Dublin. Crossing from Ireland, Lincoln's 8,000 strong army marched south through Yorkshire into Nottinghamshire and crossed the Trent. The army of King Henry intercepted them near Newark.

The Yorkists attacked the royal vanguard before the rest of the army had formed up. Even so, the rebel force was beaten and the troops fled back towards the Trent. Tradition has the Red Gutter so named because of the bloodshed as the royal army pursued the rebels down to the river.

Stoke Field was the last pitched battle of the Wars of the Roses and the royal victory finally established King Henry VII and the Tudor dynasty.

The landscape in 1487 was one of open fields crossed by lanes and with few trees, much as it is today. The ford at Fiskerton where the rebels crossed has been lost to river improvement.

AMENITY FEATURES Humber Lane, a remnant of a prehistoric route known as the Upper Foss, gives access to the heart of the battlefield, while Trent Lane crosses it to the south. On the northern side, St Oswald's church contains interpretive panel and replica standards of the opposing armies. The remains of the deserted village survive as earthworks alongside Church Lane.

OTHER DESIGNATIONS The northern part of the battlefield area falls within the East Stoke Conservation Area. The deserted remains of Stoke Village are a Scheduled Ancient Monument. Syerston Hall is Listed.

KEY SOURCES Bennett, M, 1987, Lambert Simnel and the Battle of East Stoke Hay, D (Trans.), 1950, The Anglica Historia of Polydore Vergil AD 1485-1537

Selected Sources

Websites
English Heritage, 1995, Battlefield Report: Stoke Field 1487, accessed 11-JUN-2015 from https://content.HistoricEngland.org.uk/content/docs/battlefields/stoke.pdf

National Grid Reference: SK 74272 48920

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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End of official listing