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Battle of Worcester 1651 with Powick Bridge 1642

List Entry Summary

This battlefield is registered within the Register of Historic Battlefields by English Heritage for its special historic interest.

Name: Battle of Worcester 1651 with Powick Bridge 1642

List entry Number: 1000042

Location

WORCESTER

The battlefield may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Worcestershire

District: Malvern Hills

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Powick

County: Worcestershire

District: Worcester

District Type: District Authority

Parish:

County: Worcestershire

District: Worcester

District Type: District Authority

Parish: St. Peter the Great County

County: Worcestershire

District: Wychavon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Whittington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not Applicable to this List Entry

Date first registered: 06-Jun-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: Battlefields

UID: 43

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Battlefield

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

BATTLE OF WORCESTER 1651 with POWICK BRIDGE 1642



The Civil Wars of the mid seventeenth century were a reflection of a profound political, constitutional, religious and social conflict which was expressed in a struggle for control between King and Parliament.

The acceptance by the Scots of Charles I's heir, Prince Charles, as Charles II initiated the Third Civil War (1650-51). Charles marched steadily southwards, harried all the way by Oliver Cromwell, but England failed to rise in his support. By the time the Royalist army of 12,000 men reached Worcester it was facing nearly 30,000 Parliamentarian troops.

Cromwell prepared carefully before he attacked on 3 September 1651 and after several hours of hard fighting Royalist resistance collapsed. The battlefield area relates the main cavalry action to the south of the city.

Charles II made good his escape to France but this final battle of the English Civil Wars crushed the remaining Stuart military strength in Britain.

The battlefield includes the site of the skirmish at Powick Bridge, the first action of the Civil War, which took place on 23 September 1642. A small Parliamentarian force failed in its attempt to raid a Royalist treasure caravan on its way to the King at Shrewsbury, largely due to the dash and courage of Price Rupert and his cavalry.

AMENITY FEATURES The interpretation of the Battle of Worcester had been well developed. Key sites include the Civil War Museum at the Commandery, Fort Royal which is now a public park, the view from the Cathedral, Powick Bridge, and a viewpoint just off the southern link road, which specifically interprets the battle action. There is also a Civil War trail, which takes in all of the above sites.

There is public access by footpath to the site of the bridge of boats and around the open ground across which the cavalry action took place.

OTHER DESIGNATIONS There are two main designations affecting the main battle areas. These are the Green Network, policies NE5, NE6 and L7, and the Flood Plain Boundary, policies NE17 to NE19. The Commandery, Fort Royal, Perry Wood, and River Teme (North Bank) have been designated as Green Spaces. In addition, Perry Wood is a Local Nature Reserve and the River Teme is a Special Wildlife Site. Powick Bridge is a Scheduled Ancient Monument.

KEY SOURCES Bund, J W W, 1905, The Civil War in Worcestershire 1642-46 and the Scotch invasion of 1651

Selected Sources

Websites
English Heritage, 1995, Battlefield Report: Worcester 1651, accessed 22-JUN-2015 from https://content.HistoricEngland.org.uk/content/docs/battlefields/worcester.pdf

National Grid Reference: SO 85088 52544

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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End of official listing