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ROYAL ANNE

List Entry Summary

This site is designated under the Protection of Wrecks Act 1973 as it is or may prove to be the site of a vessel lying wrecked on or in the sea bed and, on account of the historical, archaeological or artistic importance of the vessel, or of any objects contained or formerly contained in it which may be lying on the sea bed in or near the wreck, it ought to be protected from unauthorised interference. Protected wreck sites are designated by Statutory Instrument. The following information has been extracted from the relevant Statutory Instrument.

Name: ROYAL ANNE

List Entry Number: 1000068

Location

Named Location:

Location Description:

Stag Rocks, off Lizard Point, Cornwall

Competent Authority:

The site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Latitude: 49.95799999

Longitude: -5.21649999

National Grid Reference: SW 69392 11383

Date first designated: 18-Oct-1993

Date of most recent amendment: 06-Jun-2006

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: AMIE - Wrecks

UID: 1082128

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Information provided under the Statutory Instrument heading below forms part of the official record of a protected wreck site. Information provided under other headings does not form part of the official record of the designation. It has been compiled by Historic England to aid understanding of the protected wreck site.

Summary of Site

Remains of a British galley which stranded on the Stag Rocks after being forced to return to Falmouth in severe weather conditions in 1721. She was outward-bound from Portsmouth to Barbados, with some passengers on board, including Lord Belhaven who was intending to take up the Governorship of Barbados. Constructed of wood, she was a Fifth Rate Ship of the Line and had both sails and oars.

Reason for Designation

Statutory Instruments

1993/2526
2006/1342
2006/1470

History

The Royal Anne, built at Woolwich and launched in 1709, was a fifth rate galley, and the last oared fighting ship built for the Royal Navy. She was carrying Lord Belhaven, the new Governor of Barbados, to the West Indies in 1721, but bad weather forced her to return to port in Falmouth and she was wrecked on the Stag Rocks. There were only three survivors, the most notable of those who perished was Lord Belhaven who was en route to take up the Governorship of Barbados. There were only six such galleys classified in the Royal Navy when she was built; they were an attempt to combine the advantages of sail and oar propulsion. On her launch the Royal Anne was described as 'a new invention under the direction of the Marquis of Carmarthen...being the finest that was ever built'.


The site was first discovered in 1969.

Details

Designation History: Designation Order: (No 2), No 2526, 1993 Made: 18th October 1993 Laid before Parliament: 21st October 1993 Coming into force: 11th November 1993 Protected area: 100 metres within 49 57 27 N 005 12 56 W

Designation Order: (No 3), No 1342, 2006 Made: 17th May 2006 Laid before Parliament: 17th May 2006 Coming into force: 7th June 2006 Protected area: 150 metres within 49 57.48 N 005 12.99 W

Designation Order: (No 6), No. 1470, 2006 Made: 6th June 2006 Laid Before Parliament: 6th June 2006 Coming into force: 7th June 2006 Protected area: 200 meters within 49 57.48 N 05 12.99 W

No part of the restricted area lies above the high-water mark of ordinary spring tides.

Documentary History: The Royal Anne, the Royal Navy's last oared fighting ship, sank off the Lizard in November 1721 with the loss of all but three of the 190 crew. She was completed on 18th June 1709 at Woolwich. On her final voyage she was bound for Jamaica with Lord Belhaven on board who was travelling to take up the governorship of the island. He was accompanied by 24 gentlemen, members of his family and servants.

'We hear the occasion and sad misfortune of the Royal Anne galley was coming to their taking the course but 11 leagues beyond the Lizard; whereas, it seems, the constant practice is of 18 or 20 leagues; and a strong gale coming at South West, drove the ship into the Bay, upon the Stagg Rocks, so that she was stoved to pieces. They write from Cornwall, that upon first notice of this misfortune, the people on the sea coast ran out of the churches, armed with their hatchets etc. to the seaside, in quest of plunder. The same letters add, that there was drove to the shore, one whose name is supposed to be Crosier, by some writings found in his pockets, to the value of 1000l. The letters from Falmouth advise that the body of a gentleman had been taken up at the seaside that had a diamond ring upon his little finger, and his shirt marked B, and is supposed to be the Lord Belhaven. The three persons who were saved by swimming upon the wrecks of the ROYAL ANNE GALLEY are George Ham, William Godfrey and Thomas Lawrence, a boy. The rest of the crew perished, besides Lord Belhaven, the Captain, Lieutenant, and about twenty four other gentlemen; the Lord Belhaven's luggage, and the chief part of his servants, were gone to Barbadoes about two months ago.'

Archaeological History: The wreck site lies within a few metres of the Stag Rocks in an area of rocky seabed with deep gullies and crevices . It was discovered in 1969 by the Bristol University Sub-Aqua Club and a survey was subsequently conducted. Finds included 8 iron guns, silver coins dated 1710-1720 and pewter items. The site lies close inshore with rock gullies filled with large rocks overlying coarse sand and pebbles, and the area is subject to Atlantic swells.

In 1992 members of the NAS Southwest branch rediscovered the site. Silver cutlery bearing Lord Belhaven's family crest and motto and other identifiable artefacts confirmed the identification as Royal Anne. Exposed archaeological remains included two iron guns and areas of eroded iron shot. A small area was excavated and brass dividers, an inscribed gold ring belonging to the captain, wine glass fragments and lead shot were recovered.

Following designation in 1993, excavation and survey has been carried out and hundreds of artefacts, including a number of gold coins, have been recovered by the excavation team. There is no organic material on the site so no structural remains are evident although iron concretions are occasionally discovered. The site appears to yield artefacts only.

In 2005, a series of marine environmental assessments were commissioned

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Colledge, J J, Ships of the Royal Navy: Volume 1, (1989)
Hepper, D J, British Warship Losses in the Age of Sail, 1650-1859, (1994)
Lyon, D, The Sailing Navy List: All the Ships of the Royal Navy Built, Purchased and Captured 1688-1860, (1993)
'London Journal' in London Journal, ()
'London Journal' in London Journal, ()
'London Journal' in London Journal, ()
'London Journal' in London Journal, ()
'London Journal' in London Journal, ()
'London Journal' in London Journal, ()
'London Journal' in London Journal, ()

Chart

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

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End of official listing