Deserted village of Abbotstone


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1001866

Date first listed: 13-Dec-1967


Ordnance survey map of Deserted village of Abbotstone
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1001866 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 20-Mar-2019 at 19:13:23.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Winchester (District Authority)

Parish: Itchen Stoke and Ovington

National Grid Reference: SU5677434433


Deserted medieval village of Abbotstone 340m east of Abbotstone Mill.

Reasons for Designation

The village, comprising a small group of houses, gardens, yards, streets, paddocks, often with a green, a manor and a church, and with a community devoted primarily to agriculture, was a significant component of the rural landscape in most areas of medieval England, much as it is today. Villages provided some services to the local community and acted as the main focal point of ecclesiastical, and often of manorial, administration within each parish. Although the sites of many of these villages have been occupied continuously down to the present day, many others declined in size or were abandoned throughout the medieval and post-medieval periods, particularly during the 14th and 15th centuries. As a result over 2000 deserted medieval villages are recorded nationally. The reasons for desertion were varied but often reflected declining economic viability, changes in land use such as enclosure or emparkment, or population fluctuations as a result of widespread epidemics such as the Black Death. As a consequence of their abandonment these villages are frequently undisturbed by later occupation and contain well-preserved archaeological deposits. Because they are a common and long-lived monument type in most parts of England, they provide information on the diversity of medieval settlement patterns and regional farming economy over a long period of time.

The deserted medieval village of Abbotstone survives well. It has been largely undisturbed and as such has a high degree of potential for archaeological investigation. It will contain below-ground archaeological and environmental information relating to the construction, use and occupation of the site and its relationship to the surrounding landscape.


See Details.


This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 20 August 2014. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a deserted medieval village known as Abbotstone in two separate areas of protection surviving as earthworks and buried remains. It is situated on gently sloping ground to the east of a tributary of the River Itchen, 2km WNW of Old Alresford. The deserted medieval village includes a series of rectangular croft enclosures or property boundaries, generally orientated ENE to WSW, surrounded by banks with evidence of tofts or house platforms within them. There are three parallel depressions, which indicate hollow ways, one of which leads to the site of a churchyard at the west. A rectangular enclosure bounded by a bank on the west side of the village is the site of the medieval church.

The medieval village of Abbotstone is recorded in the Domesday Book (1086) when it included a mill. Documentary evidence suggests that the settlement flourished until the early 14th century.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: HA 339

Legacy System: RSM - OCN


Hampshire HER 18277, 18278. NMR SU53SE72. PastScape 1462662,

End of official listing