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Deserted village of Abbotstone

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Deserted village of Abbotstone

List entry Number: 1001866

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Winchester

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Itchen Stoke and Ovington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-Dec-1967

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: HA 339

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Deserted medieval village of Abbotstone 340m east of Abbotstone Mill.

Reasons for Designation

The village, comprising a small group of houses, gardens, yards, streets, paddocks, often with a green, a manor and a church, and with a community devoted primarily to agriculture, was a significant component of the rural landscape in most areas of medieval England, much as it is today. Villages provided some services to the local community and acted as the main focal point of ecclesiastical, and often of manorial, administration within each parish. Although the sites of many of these villages have been occupied continuously down to the present day, many others declined in size or were abandoned throughout the medieval and post-medieval periods, particularly during the 14th and 15th centuries. As a result over 2000 deserted medieval villages are recorded nationally. The reasons for desertion were varied but often reflected declining economic viability, changes in land use such as enclosure or emparkment, or population fluctuations as a result of widespread epidemics such as the Black Death. As a consequence of their abandonment these villages are frequently undisturbed by later occupation and contain well-preserved archaeological deposits. Because they are a common and long-lived monument type in most parts of England, they provide information on the diversity of medieval settlement patterns and regional farming economy over a long period of time.

The deserted medieval village of Abbotstone survives well. It has been largely undisturbed and as such has a high degree of potential for archaeological investigation. It will contain below-ground archaeological and environmental information relating to the construction, use and occupation of the site and its relationship to the surrounding landscape.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 20 August 2014. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a deserted medieval village known as Abbotstone in two separate areas of protection surviving as earthworks and buried remains. It is situated on gently sloping ground to the east of a tributary of the River Itchen, 2km WNW of Old Alresford. The deserted medieval village includes a series of rectangular croft enclosures or property boundaries, generally orientated ENE to WSW, surrounded by banks with evidence of tofts or house platforms within them. There are three parallel depressions, which indicate hollow ways, one of which leads to the site of a churchyard at the west. A rectangular enclosure bounded by a bank on the west side of the village is the site of the medieval church.

The medieval village of Abbotstone is recorded in the Domesday Book (1086) when it included a mill. Documentary evidence suggests that the settlement flourished until the early 14th century.

Selected Sources

Other
Hampshire HER 18277, 18278. NMR SU53SE72. PastScape 1462662,

National Grid Reference: SU5677434433

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 15-Dec-2017 at 12:24:11.

End of official listing