Croham Hurst round barrow
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1002012
Date first listed: 12-Jun-1951
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This copy shows the entry on 23-Oct-2018 at 12:24:57.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
County: Greater London Authority
District: Croydon (London Borough)
National Grid Reference: TQ 33808 63218
Bowl barrow at Croham Hurst, 341m north of Fox Farm House.
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period.
Despite having suffered erosion in the past, the bowl barrow at Croham Hurst survives well. It will contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the mound and the landscape in which it was constructed.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 11 September 2014. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the summit of a steep hill at Croham Hurst in Croydon.
The bowl barrow survives as a circular-shaped mound, about 11m in diameter and up to 0.4m high. The surrounding quarry ditch, from which material to construct the mound was derived, has become infilled over the years and survives as a buried feature.
In 1898, Bronze Age flint implements were found at or near the site, as noted on OS Maps (1:2500) of 1913 and 1935. Further archaeological remains survive in the vicinity of this monument but are not included because they have not been formally assessed.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: LO 87
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
NMR TQ36SW3. PastScape 404195.,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing