Croham Hurst round barrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1002012

Date first listed: 12-Jun-1951

Map

Ordnance survey map of Croham Hurst round barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Greater London Authority

District: Croydon (London Borough)

National Grid Reference: TQ 33808 63218

Summary

Bowl barrow at Croham Hurst, 341m north of Fox Farm House.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period.

Despite having suffered erosion in the past, the bowl barrow at Croham Hurst survives well. It will contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the mound and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 11 September 2014. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the summit of a steep hill at Croham Hurst in Croydon.

The bowl barrow survives as a circular-shaped mound, about 11m in diameter and up to 0.4m high. The surrounding quarry ditch, from which material to construct the mound was derived, has become infilled over the years and survives as a buried feature.

In 1898, Bronze Age flint implements were found at or near the site, as noted on OS Maps (1:2500) of 1913 and 1935. Further archaeological remains survive in the vicinity of this monument but are not included because they have not been formally assessed.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: LO 87

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
NMR TQ36SW3. PastScape 404195.,

End of official listing