This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Watermen's Hall

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Watermen's Hall

List entry Number: 1002034

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Greater London Authority

District: City and County of the City of London

District Type: London Borough

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Jan-1952

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: LO 45

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Watermen’s Hall, 160m ENE of St Magnus the Martyr’s Church.

Reasons for Designation

A guildhall is traditionally the hall and meeting place of a crafts, trade, or merchants’ guild, although in the 19th century they became associated with, and often recognised as, town halls. Guildhalls were built in the medieval period but they became more widespread in the 17th and 18th centuries. The classic form was often a first-floor meeting room, raised on arcades, incorporating an open-sided market hall on the ground floor. They also often included administrative rooms or offices. During the eighteenth century increasing architectural elaboration was given to halls, reflecting the success of guilds, the growth of municipal self-awareness and urban identity. Until the Municipal Corporations Reform Act in 1835, boroughs (corporations), which were often based at guildhalls, acted as private bodies that existed for the benefit of their members rather than the community at large. The Act reformed the administration and accountability of incorporated boroughs and they subsequently gained greater municipal power and responsibility. This was reflected in the scale and architectural adornment of later guildhalls, which became high points of Victorian public architecture.

Watermen’s Hall is a fine example of a late 18th century guildhall, which survives well. It was built by one of the ancient City Guilds and is thought to be the only surviving original Georgian hall of its type in the City of London. Through its association with the Company of Watermen and Lightermen, it is a significant testament to the development of commercial activity and trade regulation in the city of London. Furthermore, the site is considered to contain archaeological and environmental information relating to Roman and medieval London.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 29 September 2014. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a late 18th century guildhall situated between Lovat Lane and St Mary at Hill, near Monument tube station in the city of London.

It is two storeys high and built of Portland stone with a copper mansard roof. The St Mary at Hill frontage has a rusticated ground storey with a round arched window at the centre flanked by squared-headed doorways with carved panels above. At first floor level are two pairs of Ionic pilasters supporting an entablature with a frieze and pediment rising through the parapet. At the centre is a large Venetian window with a coat of arms below and a fanlight above. The interior includes a vaulted entrance passage and a curved stone staircase. The Court Room on the first floor features pilasters and penditives rising to an enriched circular ceiling, and a carved marble fireplace with a coat of arms above.

The Company of Watermen and Lightermen was established by Act of Parliament in 1555. It was formed to regulate the movement of goods and passengers on the River Thames. The current hall was built between 1778 and 1780, and is thought to be the design of William Blackburn. It was extended to the north in 1786. An archaeological watching brief carried out in 1994 in the vicinity of Waterman’s Hall recorded Roman dump deposits behind the contemporary waterfront, as well as deposits associated with the Great Fire of London. Below ground archaeological and environmental remains are considered to survive under Waterman’s Hall, relating to Roman and medieval London, and are included in the scheduling.

Waterman’s Hall is Grade I listed.

Selected Sources

Websites
Waterman’s Hall, accessed from http://www.watermenshall.org/
Other
NMR TQ38SW840. PastScape 405363. LBS 199731.,

National Grid Reference: TQ 33067 80692

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1002034 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 20-Oct-2017 at 01:09:01.

End of official listing