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Grim's Ditch: section extending 1500yds (1370m) NE from Oxhey Lane

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Grim's Ditch: section extending 1500yds (1370m) NE from Oxhey Lane

List entry Number: 1002044

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Greater London Authority

District: Harrow

District Type: London Borough

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 11-Mar-1931

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: LO 63

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

A 1.3km length of Grim’s Ditch running north-east from Oxhey Lane towards a telecommunications station before bearing east to New Lodge.

Reasons for Designation

Linear boundaries are substantial earthwork features comprising single or multiple ditches and banks which may extend over distances varying between less than 1km to over 10km. They survive as earthworks or as linear features visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs or as a combination of both. The evidence of excavation and study of associated monuments demonstrate that their construction spans at least a millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. The scale of many linear boundaries has been taken to indicate that they were constructed by large social groups and were used to mark important boundaries in the landscape; their impressive scale displaying the corporate prestige of their builders. They would have been powerful symbols, often with religious associations, used to define and order the territorial holdings of those groups who constructed them. Linear earthworks are of considerable importance for the analysis of settlement and land use from the Bronze Age onwards; all well preserved examples will normally merit statutory protection.

Despite some damage and disturbance in the past, the 1.3km length of Grim’s Ditch near Harrow Weald Common survives well. It is one of the finest stretches of Grim’s Ditch and will contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the earthwork and the surrounding landscape in which the earthwork was constructed.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 29 September 2014. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a 1.3km length of Grim’s Ditch, also known as the Grim’s Dyke, a prehistoric linear boundary surviving as an earthwork and archaeological remains. It is situated on steeply sloping ground below Harrow Weald Common.

The earthwork is denoted by a bank, about 15m wide and 2m high, with a ditch to the south, about 4m wide and 1m deep. It runs in a generally straight course, ascending the slope, south-west to north-east for about 783m from Oxhey Lane, passing north of Grimswood Lodge and Weald Wood. It then gradually bears east and follows a slightly irregular course along the slope, towards New Lodge for a further 517m. The earthwork has been truncated along its length by Ass House Lane and two further roadways near Grim’s Dyke Hotel.

Partial excavation in 1979, prior to the construction of a roadway near Grim’s Dyke Hotel, uncovered Iron Age pottery sherds and a Late Iron Age or Romano-British hearth.

The Grim’s Ditch of Harrow is a linear earthwork which originally ran from west of Cuckoo Hill to Harrow Weald Common, with a possible easterly continuation in the Pear Wood earthwork. Later developments along the route have truncated or destroyed several parts of it. It consists of a large bank with a ditch on the south side and is thought to have been constructed in two phases. The bank was first built from quarried gravel, sand and clay. The ditch was then dug and some of the spoil deposited to the south. It is thought to be Iron Age in origin, although no conclusive dating evidence has been obtained by excavation. Documentary evidence shows that Grim’s Ditch was certainly in existence by 1306. The original purpose of the earthwork is uncertain but it most likely served to demarcate territorial boundaries.

Selected Sources

Other
Greater London SMR 052160/00/00, 052473/00/00, 052474/00/00, 052566/00/00, 052567/00/00, MLO77783. NMR LINEAR23. PastScape 1043166.,

National Grid Reference: TQ 13900 92907

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 07:44:50.

End of official listing