Blackquarries Hill long barrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1002112

Date first listed: 01-Jan-1900

Map

Ordnance survey map of Blackquarries Hill long barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Stroud (District Authority)

Parish: Wotton-under-Edge

National Grid Reference: ST 77517 93234

Summary

Long cairn 460m ESE of Warren Farm.

Reasons for Designation

Long cairns were constructed as elongated rubble mounds and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (c.3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long cairns appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Long cairns sometimes display evidence of internal structural arrangements, including stone-lined compartments and tomb chambers constructed from massive slabs. Some examples also show edge-set kerb stones bounding parts of the cairn perimeter. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funeral activity preceding construction of the cairn, and consequently it is probable that long cairns acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long cairns and long barrows, their counterparts in central and eastern England, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as a visible monument and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all positively identified long cairns are considered to be important.

Despite stone robbing, tree growth and partial early excavation the long cairn 460m ESE of Warren Farm survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 24 September 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a long cairn situated on the summit of an extremely prominent ridge which forms the watershed between the valleys of the Marlees Brook and a tributary to the Little Avon River. Known locally as ‘The Clump’ this long cairn survives as a rectangular stony mound aligned north east to south west. It measures approximately 39.6m long, 18.2m wide and up to 1.5m high with its side ditches preserved as buried features. The mound has an uneven profile as a result of the early partial excavation, stone robbing and past tree growth. It is surrounded by a drystone wall and has been recently cleared of trees and scrubby vegetation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: GC 275

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
PastScape 205312

End of official listing