Lechmore long barrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1002114

Date first listed: 01-Jan-1900

Map

Ordnance survey map of Lechmore long barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1002114 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 22-Oct-2018 at 02:22:23.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Stroud (District Authority)

Parish: Horsley

National Grid Reference: ST 86046 97832

Summary

Long barrow 675m south west of Brandhouse Farm.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be important.

Despite partial early excavation the long barrow 675m south west of Brandhouse Farm survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 24 September 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a long barrow situated on a ridge at the head of a valley of a tributary to the Nailsworth Stream which first runs into the Ledgemore Pond. Known locally also as ‘Ledgemore Long Barrow’ it survives as an elongated roughly rectangular mound aligned ESE to WNW and measuring up to 24.3m long, 12.1m wide and 1.8m high with the side ditches preserved as buried features. Partial excavations in 1812 revealed a single stone lined chamber but this had been dismantled by 1870. Further large in-situ stones are visible within the mound. Further archaeological remains in the immediate vicinity are the subject of a separate scheduling.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: GC 281

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
PastScape 208897

End of official listing