Round barrow S of Ditchling Beacon

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1002254

Date first listed: 07-Sep-1967

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow S of Ditchling Beacon
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Lewes (District Authority)

Parish: Ditchling

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ3302512474

Summary

Bowl barrow south of Ditchling Beacon, 868m north of High Park Farmhouse.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period.

Although it has been levelled by ploughing, the bowl barrow south of Ditchling Beacon survives as a buried feature containing archaeological information and environmental evidence relating to the barrow and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 3 March 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a ridge of chalk downland overlooking North Bottom on the South Downs, north of Brighton. The monument has been levelled by ploughing and survives as a buried archaeological feature. In 1983 the barrow had a roughly circular-shaped mound at least 0.9m high. This is now visible as a soil mark about 18m in diameter. It will also have included a surrounding quarry ditch from which material to construct the mound was derived, which will survive as a buried feature.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: ES 285

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
East Sussex HER MES1291. NMR TQ31SW18. PastScape 403070

End of official listing