Three round barrows W of Bopeep chalk pit

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1002268

Date first listed: 30-Jan-1967

Map

Ordnance survey map of Three round barrows W of Bopeep chalk pit
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1002268 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 11-Dec-2018 at 04:16:13.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Wealden (District Authority)

Parish: Alciston

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ4906105192, TQ4906505239, TQ4907405302

Summary

Two bowl barrows and a saucer barrow, 923m south-west of Bopeep Farm.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a variety of burial practices. Saucer barrows date from the Early Bronze Age. They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as a circular area of level ground defined by a bank and internal ditch and largely occupied by a single low, squat mound covering one or more burials, often in a pit. The burials, either inhumations or cremations, are sometimes accompanied by pottery vessels, tools and personal ornaments. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally. Saucer barrows are one of the rarest recognised forms of round barrow, with about 60 examples nationally.

Despite having been reduced by ploughing, the two bowl barrows and saucer barrow, 923m south-west of Bopeep Farm will contain archaeological and environmental remains relating to the barrows and the landscape in which they were constructed. Their close association with broadly contemporary and later, early medieval funerary monuments along the prominent escarpment to the west and east, provides evidence for the continuing importance of this area of downland for burial and ceremonial practices over a period of around 3000 years.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 2 March 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes two bowl barrows and a saucer barrow situated west of Bopeep Chalk Pit on the steep escarpment forming the northern edge of the South Downs, between Lewes and Eastbourne. The South Downs Way passes just to the north of the barrows. The barrows are aligned north-south in a linear formation. They have all been reduced in height by ploughing and survive as slight earthworks and buried archaeological remains. The northernmost barrow is a saucer barrow with a roughly circular-shaped flat-topped mound and surrounding bank. The mound is 15m in diameter and 0.7m high. The bank has been reduced by cultivation and is no longer visible. The central bowl barrow, 55m to the south, is also much reduced by cultivation and survives as a slight undulation with buried archaeological remains. It was originally a broadly circular-shaped mound at least 6m in diameter and 0.6m high. The southernmost bowl barrow is a roughly circular mound about 12m in diameter and 0.6m high.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: ES 274

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
NMR TQ40NE33. PastScape 405777.

End of official listing