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Three round barrows W of Bopeep chalk pit

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Three round barrows W of Bopeep chalk pit

List entry Number: 1002268

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Wealden

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Alciston

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 30-Jan-1967

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: ES 274

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Two bowl barrows and a saucer barrow, 923m south-west of Bopeep Farm.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a variety of burial practices. Saucer barrows date from the Early Bronze Age. They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as a circular area of level ground defined by a bank and internal ditch and largely occupied by a single low, squat mound covering one or more burials, often in a pit. The burials, either inhumations or cremations, are sometimes accompanied by pottery vessels, tools and personal ornaments. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally. Saucer barrows are one of the rarest recognised forms of round barrow, with about 60 examples nationally.

Despite having been reduced by ploughing, the two bowl barrows and saucer barrow, 923m south-west of Bopeep Farm will contain archaeological and environmental remains relating to the barrows and the landscape in which they were constructed. Their close association with broadly contemporary and later, early medieval funerary monuments along the prominent escarpment to the west and east, provides evidence for the continuing importance of this area of downland for burial and ceremonial practices over a period of around 3000 years.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 2 March 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes two bowl barrows and a saucer barrow situated west of Bopeep Chalk Pit on the steep escarpment forming the northern edge of the South Downs, between Lewes and Eastbourne. The South Downs Way passes just to the north of the barrows. The barrows are aligned north-south in a linear formation. They have all been reduced in height by ploughing and survive as slight earthworks and buried archaeological remains. The northernmost barrow is a saucer barrow with a roughly circular-shaped flat-topped mound and surrounding bank. The mound is 15m in diameter and 0.7m high. The bank has been reduced by cultivation and is no longer visible. The central bowl barrow, 55m to the south, is also much reduced by cultivation and survives as a slight undulation with buried archaeological remains. It was originally a broadly circular-shaped mound at least 6m in diameter and 0.6m high. The southernmost bowl barrow is a roughly circular mound about 12m in diameter and 0.6m high.

Selected Sources

Other
NMR TQ40NE33. PastScape 405777.

National Grid Reference: TQ4906105192, TQ4906505239, TQ4907405302

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Oct-2017 at 08:02:17.

End of official listing