This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Multi-period landscape on Hengistbury Head

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Multi-period landscape on Hengistbury Head

List entry Number: 1002367

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Bournemouth

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 01-Feb-1951

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: BO 824

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The extensive nature of the archaeological evidence from Hengistbury Head make this one of the best known case studies in British archaeology. With its wide variety of dates, settlement, industrial, agricultural, ritual, funerary, strategic, economic and trading activity, its overall importance cannot be over estimated. It has been extensively excavated, studied and documented with much academic discussion and has contributed significantly to archaeological understanding of all the areas represented which, given the incredible diversity both in terms of chronology and types of monument, is in itself extremely significant.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a multi-period landscape including settlement, ritual, funerary, agricultural, manufacturing, trading, quarrying and defence activity ranging from the Palaeolithic to the Victorian periods. It is situated on the coastal promontory of Hengistbury Head, overlooking Christchurch Harbour. The focus of extensive periods of excavation from the 19th century up until the 1980s, this landscape includes a huge variety of archaeological evidence surviving as either earthworks - including bowl barrows and linear boundaries- or buried features, structures and deposits with no visible surface remains - including settlements and industrial sites from the Palaeolithic to the Romano British periods. These are extensively discussed in various excavation reports and include at least twelve bowl barrows with a wide variety of cremations, pottery and other associated flints and grave goods; Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic settlement and flint production sites; Late Iron Age to Romano British settlement and industrial sites including defended settlements (a possible promontory fort, port and oppidum), glass, salt, iron, bronze, shale and silver working sites, agricultural activity in the form of plough marks, and evidence for extensive trading of commodities with the South West of England, Spain and France. There is even Victorian ironstone quarrying. Finds representing all the periods and classes of activity have been recovered together with significant quantities of dateable evidence.

Other archaeological remains in the vicinity are scheduled separately.

Sources: PastScape 884835, 884858, 884862, 858762, 458775,884843, 884854,458716, 458726, 458731, 458741, 458749, 458772, 1463895, 458744, 458767, 458754, 458641, 458736, 458759, 458711 and 458721

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SZ 17289 90789

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1002367 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 05:49:47.

End of official listing