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Round barrow on St Catherine's Hill camp

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round barrow on St Catherine's Hill camp

List entry Number: 1002374

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: Christchurch

District Type: District Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 23-Nov-1977

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: DO 835

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Bell barrow on St Catherine’s Hill, Christchurch.

Reasons for Designation

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows (particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. They are a particularly rare form of barrow. The bell barrow on St Catherine’s Hill, Christchurch survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 18 February 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes a bell barrow situated on the prominent ridge called St Catherine’s Hill between the valleys of the Rivers Stour and Avon. The barrow survives as a circular mound measuring up to 20m in diameter and 1m high surrounded by a partly visible quarry ditch from which the construction material was derived. This ditch is up to 3.5m wide and 0.5m deep. The berm which originally formed part of the earthwork is obscured and part of the ditch to the east has been buried beneath a later track.

Further archaeological remains survive in the vicinity and most are the subject of separate schedulings others are not included because they have not been formally assessed.

Selected Sources

Other
PastScape 458464

National Grid Reference: SZ 14345 95147

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1002374 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Oct-2017 at 06:06:24.

End of official listing