Iron Age defended settlement 525m ENE of Elberton Manor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1002478

Date first listed: 13-Jun-1968

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Iron Age defended settlement 525m ENE of Elberton Manor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: South Gloucestershire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Aust

National Grid Reference: ST6080088396

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

During the Iron Age a variety of different types of settlement were constructed and occupied in south western England. At the top of the settlement hierarchy were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a group of smaller sites, known as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others in less prominent positions. They are generally smaller than the hillforts, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction. Univallate sites have a single bank and ditch, multivallate sites more than one. At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Where excavated, evidence of stone- or timber-built houses has been found within the enclosures, which, in contrast to the hillfort sites, would have been occupied by small communities, perhaps no more than a single family group. Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the settlement pattern, particularly in the upland areas of south western England, and are integral to any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. The Iron Age defended settlement 525m ENE of Elberton Manor survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, function, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an Iron Age defended settlement, situated on the summit of a spur with far reaching views across the low lying flood plain to the River Severn. The settlement survives as an irregularly-shaped enclosure which covers an area of approximately 1.6ha. It is defined to the north by steep natural slopes and to the remaining sides by a large rampart bank, outer ditch and counterscarp bank which survive differentially around the circuit but are best preserved to the east and south. The interior measures up to 133m long north to south by 98m wide east to west. Possible causewayed entrances have been noted at either end of the southern side. Two sherds of Iron Age pottery have been retrieved as stray finds from the interior.

Sources: PastScape 201491 South Gloucestershire HER 1455

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: SG 52

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing