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Motte called Castle Roborough

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Motte called Castle Roborough

List entry Number: 1002543

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: North Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Loxhore

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 20-May-1963

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: DV 514

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Motte castles are medieval fortifications introduced into Britain by the Normans. They comprised a large conical mound of earth or rubble, the motte, surmounted by a palisade and a stone or timber tower. In a majority of examples an embanked enclosure containing additional buildings, the bailey, adjoined the motte. Motte castles and motte-and-bai1ey castles acted as garrison forts during offensive military operations, as strongholds, and, in many cases, as aristocratic residences and as centres of local or royal administration. Built in towns, villages and open countryside, motte castles generally occupied strategic positions dominating their immediate locality and, as a result, are the most visually impressive monuments of the early post-Conquest period surviving in the modern landscape. Over 600 motte castles and motte-and-bailey castles are recorded nationally, with examples known from most regions. Some 100-150 examples do not have baileys and are classified as motte castles. As one of a restricted range of recognised early post-Conquest monuments, they are particularly important for the study of Norman Britain and the development of the feudal system. Although many were occupied for only a short period of time, motte castles continued to be built and occupied from the 11th to the 13th centuries, after which they were superseded by other types of castle. The motte called Castle Roborough survives well and will contain important archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, military and social significance, use, abandonment and landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a motte, known as Castle Roborough, situated on a ridge forming the watershed between two branches of the River Yeo. The motte survives as a circular mound which measures 30m in diameter and is up to 5m high. On the summit is a small flat area defined by a rampart which measures up to 1.8m high. The surrounding ditch is preserved as a buried feature which is crossed by a track to the south and east. The surface of the track is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath it is included.

Sources: Devon HER:-1961 NMR:-SS63NW1 PastScape Monument No:- 34551

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SS 62033 37736

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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This copy shows the entry on 24-Oct-2017 at 03:20:51.

End of official listing