Hut circle 400yds (370m) SE of Swincombe
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1002589
Date first listed: 14-Jan-1970
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: West Devon (District Authority)
Parish: Dartmoor Forest
National Park: DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference: SX 64510 72445
A stone hut circle 910m south of Sherberton.
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period.
Despite being located close to a leat and in an area which has been disturbed by industrial activity in the form of tin working and some peat cutting, the stone hut circle 910m south of Sherberton survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, use, agricultural practices and domestic arrangements as well as its overall landscape context.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 10 November 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
The monument includes a stone hut circle situated on a north west facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Swincombe. The stone hut circle survives as a ring of walling surrounding a circular interior which measures up to 8m in diameter, the walls measure up to 2.7m wide and 0.4m high. In places they are double faced with stone, whilst elsewhere they are rubble built. There is an entrance to the north east.
Further archaeological remains survive within the vicinity of the monument, some are scheduled, but others are not currently protected and these are not included within the scheduling because they have not been formally assessed.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: DV 725
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
PastScape Monument No:-443361
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing