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Wayside cross 1120m ENE of Childe's Tomb

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Wayside cross 1120m ENE of Childe's Tomb

List entry Number: 1002617

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Dartmoor Forest

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 27-Oct-1971

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: DV 850

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking settlements, or on routes which might have a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 110 examples of wayside crosses are known on Dartmoor, where they form the commonest type of stone cross. Almost all of the wayside crosses on the Moor take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval routeways, settlement patterns and the development of sculptural traditions. The wayside cross 1120m ENE of Childe's Tomb marks the junction on two important routes across the moor. It is unusual because it has been chamfered on two edges so, of its type, it would be considered rather decorative. It also forms one of a group of three on Ter Hill with further crosses surviving to the west. Wayside crosses tend to survive differentially as a result of damage by religious iconoclasts during turbulent periods of religious change throughout the Reformation. As a result many bear scars of past damage and the slightly broken head of this cross attests to a turbulent history. It is known to have been re-erected but was found fallen beside its original socket stone so the location is original.

History

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Details

The monument includes a wayside cross situated on the western slopes of Ter Hill, overlooking the valley of the River Swincombe within the upper north western corner of the Fox Tor newtake. The cross survives as a single dressed granite slab set into a roughly rectangular socket stone. The socket stone is made from a moor boulder and earthfast; the visible part measures approximately 0.9m long by 0.4m wide and 0.2m high. The Latin cross is rectangular in section, with the upper part of the shaft chamfered on two of its corners. It measures 1.7m high and 0.7m wide at the arms and the top of the head is broken. The cross is thought to mark a junction between the Abbot's Way and Sandy Way routes across Dartmoor. A second cross head once lay alongside this cross, but it has long since disappeared. The cross is known to have been re-erected, but was originally found lying beside its socket stone. This is one of a group of three crosses on Ter Hill. Two, including this example, are scheduled separately but the third has not been formally assessed for scheduling.

Sources: DNPA HER:-SX67SW54 NMR:-SX67SW30 PastScape Monument No:-443319 Butler, J., Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, Volume Four - The South-East (1993), 211

Selected Sources

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National Grid Reference: SX 63656 70590

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 10:33:49.

End of official listing