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Barrows SE of Martinhoe

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Barrows SE of Martinhoe

List entry Number: 1002647

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: North Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Martinhoe

National Park: EXMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 25-Nov-1977

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: DV 974

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Six bowl barrows on Martinhoe Common, 620m south west of Inkerman Bridge.

Reasons for Designation

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south western peninsula of England. In contrast to the others, Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little excavation of its monuments. However, detailed survey work by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England has confirmed a comparable richness of archaeological remains, with evidence of human exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. Many of the field monuments surviving on Exmoor date from the later prehistoric period. Examples include stone settings, stone alignments, standing stones, and burial mounds (`barrows').

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Over 370 bowl barrows, varying in diameter from 2m to 35m, have been recorded on Exmoor. Many of these are found on or close to the summits of the three east-west ridges which cross the moor - the southern escarpment, the central ridge, and the northern ridge - whilst individual barrows and groups may also be found on lower lying ground and hillslopes. Those which occupy prominent locations form a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period.

Despite early partial excavation and the effect of cultivation the six bowl barrows on Martinhoe Common 620m south west of Inkerman Bridge survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronology, social organisation, territorial significance, funerary and ritual practices and their overall landscape context.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 17 November 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument, which falls into six separate areas of protection, includes six bowl barrows situated on the northern part of Martinhoe Common on a prominent ridge overlooking Woody Bay. The six bowl barrows survive as circular mounds with buried surrounding quarry ditches from which material to construct the mounds was derived. The mounds vary in diameter from 5.5m up to 12m and from 0.4m to 1.1m high. At least three were excavated by Chanter in 1906, and were found to have been previously opened and all seem to have some form of early excavation hollow.

Further archaeological remains in the vicinity are scheduled separately.

Selected Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:-34618

National Grid Reference: SS 67117 48472, SS 67189 48428, SS 67199 48463, SS 67259 48349, SS 67293 48232, SS 67326 48332

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 06:46:13.

End of official listing