Chambered tomb called The Grey Mare and her Colts

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1002671

Date first listed: 03-Mar-1922

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Chambered tomb called The Grey Mare and her Colts
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1002671 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 16-Nov-2018 at 05:31:59.

Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset (District Authority)

Parish: Long Bredy

National Grid Reference: SY 58386 87066

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Chambered tombs are funerary monuments constructed and used during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They comprise linear mounds of stone covering one or more stone-lined burial chambers. With other types of long barrow they form the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly within the present landscape. Where investigated, chambered tombs appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. The number of burials placed within the tombs suggests they were used over a considerable period of time and that they were important ritual sites for local communities. Some 300 chambered tombs are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as upstanding monuments, and due to their rarity, their considerable age and longevity as a monument type, all chambered tombs are considered to be nationally important. Despite partial early excavation, the chambered tomb called The Grey Mare and her Colts survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation of the builders, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a chambered tomb situated on the upper north west facing slopes of a prominent hill, overlooking a dry valley leading to the head waters of the River Bride and forms part of a group of similar monuments dispersed along the South Dorset Ridgeway. The chambered tomb survives as a roughly rectangular mound measuring up to 24m long which tapers slightly in width from 13m at the south eastern end to 8m wide at the north western end. The mound stands up to 1m high and the parallel quarry ditches, from which the construction material was derived, are preserved as buried features. To the south east end of the mound four massive Sarsen stones, three upright and one recumbent, represent a shallow crescent-shaped fa‡ade with a further recumbent stone behind thought to be the capstone of a collapsed chamber. A further recumbent Sarsen stone in the south western corner of the mound was recorded as upright in 18th century engravings by Hutchins. There are also several smaller protruding stones set into the edge of the mound which are the remains of a retaining kerb. The mound was partially excavated in the early 19th century and produced many human bones and some pottery. Further archaeological remains in the vicinity are scheduled separately.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-450303

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: DO 5

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing