Long barrow NW of Red Barn
List Entry Summary
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.
Name: Long barrow NW of Red Barn
List entry Number: 1002739
The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: West Dorset
District Type: District Authority
Parish: Bradford Peverell
National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.
Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.
Date first scheduled: 09-Mar-1961
Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.
Legacy System Information
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
UID: DO 186
This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.
List entry Description
Summary of Monument
Long barrow 55m north east of Hampton Lodge.
Reasons for Designation
Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.
Despite some reduction in the height of the mound through past forestry activity the long barrow 55m north east of Hampton Lodge survives comparatively well and will contain will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 17 December 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
The monument includes a long barrow situated on the upper north east facing slopes of a prominent hill with distant views across the River Frome. The long barrow survives as a roughly rectangular mound aligned SSE to NNW and measuring up to 54m long, 15.5m wide and 1.2m high, the side ditches are preserved as entirely buried features.
Other archaeological remains in the vicinity are scheduled separately.
PastScape Monument No:-453734
National Grid Reference: SY 63746 92346
The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1002739 .pdf
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This copy shows the entry on 25-Jun-2018 at 09:24:36.
End of official listing